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skeletal system exam


Spongy or trabecular bone is also called ___? cancellous bone
What is the name of the system of small canals within compact bone that bring blood and nutrients and remove waste? haverseian canals
Red marrow is found in spongy or __________ bone. cancellous
The shaft, or middle region of a long bone is the _______? diaphysis
Each end of a long bone is called ______? epiphysis
The flared section of bone between the epipheseal plate and the diaphysis is the ______? metaphysis
The strong, fibrous, vascular membrane which covers the surface of long bones (except at the ends) is called _________? periosteum
What is the hard, dense tissue under the periosteum? compact bone
What is the smooth, strong, slick tissue that cushions the joints and allows them to move smoothly and efficiently? articular cartilage
What is the largest sesamoid shaped bone, also called the kneecap? patella
What is the knuckle-like process at the joint? condyle
What 2 minerals are necessary for bone development? phosphorous and calcium
The immature bone cells that produce the bony tissue that replaces cartilage during ossification? osteoblasts
The bones of a fetus are made up mostly of _______? cartilage
A physician who treats bone and joint diseases is an ________? orthopedist
A mineral found in bone is? phosphorous
An opening in bone for blood vessels and/or nerves to pass through is a ________? foramen
The mandible, maxilla, zygomatic, nasal, lacrimal, and vomer bones are all ______? facial bones
the occipital, sphenoid, ethmoid, frontal, parietal, and temporal bones are all ______? cranial bones
The ________ is a round process of the tempral bone behind the ear. mastoid process
The shoulder bone is also called the ______? scapula
The outward extension of the scapula is the _______? acromion
The bone of the upper arm is called the ______? humerus
Pertaining to the upper arm bone. humeral
The smaller of the lower leg bones is the ____? fibula
The larger of the lower leg bones is the _____? tibia
Another name for the collar bone is the ______? clavicle
Poor bone formation is called ______? osteodystrophy
What operation would be performed to relieve the symptoms of a slipped disk? laminectomy
A person with a humpback has _______? kyphosis
In adults, a deficiency of vitamin D results in ________? osteomalacia
Lateral curvature of the spine is ______? scoliosis
The medical term for "clubfoot" is _____? talipes
What connects bone to bone? ligament
What connects muscle to bone? tendon
What fluid is found within joints? synovial fluid
A sac of fluid near a joint is a ___? bursa
The heel bone calcaneous
The bones of the fingers and the toes are called _______? phalanges
Chronic inflammation of joints due to degenerative changes in cartilage. osteoarthritis
Painful inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body gouty arthritis
Movement away from midline abduction
The thigh bone is the ____? femur
The act of turning the palm forward and/or up is ________? supination
If a bone is splintered or crushed into several pieces, it is a _________- fracture comminuted
Inflammation of the bone and the marrow is ______. osteomyelitis
Condition of stiffening or immobility of a joint is ________? ankylosis
The surgical repair of a joint is ___________. arthroplasty
Slipping or subluxation of a vertebra is called ______________? spondylolisthesis
Created by: bellajerrent429