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Unit 4 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Energy Transformation Changing from one form of energy to another; energy conversion.
Energy Transfer Movement of energy from one object to another.
Conduction Transfer of energy when heat or electricity moves by direct contact.
Law of Conservation of Energy Energy cannot be created or destroyed.
Nuclear Power Form of energy created by an atomic raction.
Wind Energy Generated by turbines and the movement of air; renewable.
Nonrenewable Energy Source that cannot be replaced at the same rate that it is used.
Thermal Energy Comes from Heat created by movement of tiny particles.
Potential Energy Ability to do work based on position; at rest.
Thermal Energy Transfer The movement or flow of energy created by heat.
Chemical Energy Energy stored in chemical compounds that can be released during reactions.
Mechanical Energy Produced by movement or position.
Natural Energy Resources Renewable energy found in nature.
Geothermal Renewable energy from the Earth and its internal heat.
Radiation Transfer of energy by light and other electromagnetic waves.
Biomass Organic matter that can be used as renewable energy.
Oil Sticky, liquid substance that is a fossil fuel.
Renewable Energy From a source that is replaced naturally or is never used up.
Electrical Energy Caused by the movement of electrons.
Kinetic Energy When something is in motion.
Natural Gas Occurs beneath the Earth's surface; can be used as a fuel.
Elastic Potential Energy Energy stored as a result of stretching, twisting or compressing an object by force.
Convection Transfer of heat through a fluid due to movement of molecules.
Light Energy Type of energy that is visible and forms electromagnetic radiation.
Energy Ability to do work.
Energy Resource Something that can do work.
Hydropower Electricity produced by moving water.
Coal Hard substance found in the Earth that can be used as fuel.
Created by: jwolff2016
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