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Section 5

Review Questions from Section 5

QuestionAnswer
Which type of hormones are derived from amino acids? nonsteroidal
Which type of hormones are derived from cholesterol? steroid
Which type of hormone can readily pass through the lipids in the cell membranes of their target cells? steroid
Which type of hormones cannot penetrate a cell membrane and thus stay outside their target cells? nonsteroidal
To what does a nonsteroidal hormone bind when it arrives at its target cell? a receptor protein
The way in which a hormone interacts with its target cell depends on what? the hormone's molecular structure
In what part of its target cell does a steroid hormone bind with a receptor protein? in the target cell's nucleus
When a nonsteroidal hormone arrives at its target cell, where will it find the receptor protein with which it will bind? projecting from the cell's surface
Which type of hormone causes a second messenger to be generated in its target cell's cytoplasm? nonsteroidal
What type of hormone are those secreted by the ovaries, testes, and outer part of the adrenal glands? steroid
Are most hormones steroid or nonsteroidal? nonsteroidal
The pituitary gland is under the control of what part of the brain? hypothalamus
What is the name for the two distinct sections of the pituitary gland? lobes
What connects the rear lobe of the pituitary gland with two areas of neuron cell bodies near the front of the hypothalamus? axons
Which lobe of the pituitary gland creates its own hormones when it receives stimulating hormones from the hypothalamus? the front lobe
Which lobe of the pituitary gland releases hormones that arrive ready-made from the hypothalamus? the rear lobe
How many key hormones are released by the pituitary gland? 8
Which of the following is not one of they key hormones released by the pituitary gland? A) melatonin B) thyroid-stimulating hormone C) prolactin D) oxytocin E) luteinizing hormone melatonin
Which two of the 8 key hormones released by the pituitary gland are made by the hypothalamus? oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone
Which key hormone triggers the contractions of the uterus that make birth happen? oxytocin
Which key hormone stimulates milk production by the mammary glands during and after pregnancy prolactin
Which key hormone helps the body hold on to water by increasing the concentration of urine from the kidneys? antidiuretic hormone
Which key hormone encourages body growth by stimulating both cell division and the manufacture of proteins in most tissues, but especially in bones and muscles? growth hormone
Which key hormone tells the thyroid gland to release thyroxine in order to regulate the metabolic rate of the body's cells? thyroid-stimulating hormone
Which key hormone instructs the adrenal glands to release several steroid hormones to help regulate metabolism and combat stress? adrenocorticotropic hormone
Which of the two key hormones target the ovaries in women and the testes in men? follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone
Created by: St Rita SD
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