Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

French & Indian War

French and Indian War Study Guide

(1) In what modern day city did the British set up a for in? In modern day Pittsburgh.
(1) What happened to fort Pittsburgh? The French forces drove the force sent by the British and constructed Fort Duquesne.
(1) Who did Dinwiddie send to Fort Duquesne to get it back and what happened? Dinwiddie sent a young George Washington to the site to expel the French, and he was quickly overwhelmed by the French and Native American forces.
(1) What did Washington do after being attacked by the French? Washington retreated to Fort Necessity (Hastily Constructed), and he had to surrender (Prelude to French and Indian War).
(1) Where did France set up forts and why did these forts anger the British? They set up forts to protect their fur trading interests, and conflicted with England's claims.
(2) What was the 2 regions that the French and British contested? The Ohio River Valley and the Great Lakes Region.
(3) What happen to Frances land claims in America after the treaty of Paris? All French land west of the Mississippi was ceded to Spain and all land east of the Mississippi was ceded to Great Britain.
(3) What did Spain lose in the Treaty of Paris They lost Florida which was given to the British.
(3) What year was the treaty of Paris signed? 1763 and it ended the French and Indian War.
(3) What did the French get to keep in the Americans? They got to keep their colonies in the West Indies.
(4) What Geographic feature was the stopping point of expansion to the west? The Appalachian Mountains.
(4) What was the main rule in the proclamation? King George the III halted all settlers Western Expansion.
(4) When did the Royal Proclamation occur? In 1763.
(4) How did the Royal Proclamation effect the colonists? This angered colonists who lived in the area or who has land in the area, because the land claims are not recognized (Friction between the British and the Colonists).
(5) How long did Pontiac's War/Rebellion last? Lasted from 1763 to 1766.
(5) What was Pontiac's goal? Uniting the tribes with a goal of expelling the British.
(5) What awful things happen on both sides of the war? Massacres and atrocities happened on both sides (James Amherst gave the Native Americans blankets invested with Smallpox).
(5) What did the Native Americans fail to do in Pontiac's War? They won many battles, but failed to capture important forts such as Fort Niagara, Fort Pitt, and Detroit.
(5) What happened in the summer of 1763 in Pontiacs War? The Native American alliance killed settlers in Western Pennsylvania and Virginia.
(5) What happened in the spring of 1763 in Pontiacs War? The Native Americans attacked British Forts in the Great Lakes region.
(5) What happened in 1765 and 1766 in Pontiacs War? The Native Americans loss to the British and a piece treaty was signed in July 1766 and Pontiac was pardoned.
(5) Who did chief Pontiac sign an alliance with? The Shawnee and Delaware Indians.
(5) Who was chief Pontiac the leader of? He was the leader of the Ottawa Indians.
(6) What areas did Spain control in North America? Central America, Spanish Florida.
(6) What areas did England control in North America? Land up to the Appalachian Mountains, Hudson Bay, Newfoundland.
(6) What areas did France control in North America? Land around the Saint Lawrence River.
(7) Who was the man that turned around the war for the British? William Pitt.
(7) What was William Pitt's job before Prime Minister? Secretary of State.
(7) Where did William Pitt oversee the war from and who did he bring into his cabinet? William Pitt oversaw the war from London and had a cabinet with military generals to influence his decisions.
(7) Who was the 2 commanders that William Pitt send? James Wolfe and Jeffery Amherst.
(7) In 1757 who became Prime Minister in Great Britain? William Pitt.
(8) What was 1 of the 3 things that William Pitt did to reverse the war? (Hint: Focused on which Front) Expelling the French from North America.
(8) What was 1 of the 3 things that William Pitt did to reverse the war? (Hint: Colonists) Buying the support from the colonists by infusing a massive amount of British currency.
(8) What was 1 of the 3 things that William Pitt did to reverse the war? (Hint: Native Americans) Buying the Native American with promises and agreed to fix territorial borders.
(9) What city was the capital of New France? Quebec.
(9) Why was the Quebec so hard to capture? It was perched high on a cliff overlooking the Saint Lawrence River.
(9) How was the city of Quebec captured? A scout sent by Wolfe found a poorly guarded path. The guards of the path was overwhelmed, and they waited outside of the fort on the plains of Abraham.
(9) What happened during the battle of Quebec? The French was surprised by the British and overwhelmed, James Wolfe Died in the battle.
(10) In 1758 James Wolfe and Jeffery Amherst captured what fort? Fortress of Louisburg, additionally, British officers captured Fort Frontenac at Lake Ontario, and Fort Duquesne (Named Fort Pitt).
(10) In what years did the British capture 2 major French cities. Quebec in 1759 and Montreal in 1760.
(10) Who captured Montreal? Jeffery Amherst.
(11) When did the Albany Congress happen? 1754
(11) Who sent delegates to the congress and why? The colonies (South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and New England) to discuss strategy and common defense.
(11) What was the President General and how was he appointed? Benjamin Franklin was the President General and was appointed by the crown (King George III)
(11) What was the colonists unready for and what did the British think of it? The Colonies were not ready for a political union, and it is unlikely the British would support that.
(12) What was the name of the first political cartoon and what was the image? Join or Die was the name and showed the picture of a severed snake, each part was the name of a colony
(12) What was the head of the Snake? New England Colonies.
(12) How was the snake ordered? The Southern Colonies were at the tail, the Middle Atlantic Colonies in the middle, and the New England Colonies were at the head.
(11) What foundation did the Albany Congress form? The bases of the Articles of Confederations, the first United States constitution.
(13) What did Chief Pontiac think would happen if they did nothing? Chief Pontiac said that they had to exterminate the British because they are unfair and the French was much better than them.
(13) What was the "god" of the Native Americans? The Great Spirt, Master of Life.
(13) Who lived on the land before the Native Americans? Their predecessors (Ancestors).
(14) What was the 3 problems that the King of England faced? 1. Deep in depth because of the 7 Years War. 2. Native Americans wars with no end in sight. 3. Can't afford to provide military protection to the back country (Territory East of the Appalachian Mountains).
(15) What were the French and British competing against each other for? (1, Land) Land claims in North America, (Ohio River Valley and Great Lacks Region).
(15) What were the French and British competing against each other for? (2, Population) English Colonists were encroaching on French territories as the population grew.
(15) What were the French and British competing against each other for? (3, Trade) Competed over trapping and trade routes in the Ohio River Valley, (Trade issues with the Native Americans in the region).
(15) What was the 2 events that started the French and Indian war? Washington's defeat at Fort Necessity, and the French building forts in the Ohio River Valley.
(16) In what year did the British come to attack the French fort that started with a D? The British attacked for Duquesne in 1755.
(16) How did the British soldiers think of the Colonials? The British though poorly of the Colonists who were volunteer and many of them were sent home.
(16) Who won the battle and who had the bigger force? The French force and their Native American allies won the battle despite the British outnumbering the French.
(16) What happened to the British and French commanders in the battle of Fort Duquesne? Both commanders (Braddock and Beauju) were killed.
(16) How did George Washington win praise in the battle? He rallied the British troops and prevented the battle from turning into a rout.
(16) What was the first 2 years of the war characterized? Humiliating defeats for the British.
(17) Who was the allies of Great Britain in the French and Indian War? Some Native American Tribes.
(17) Who was the allies of France in the French and Indian War? Majority of the Native American Tribes, Spain.
(18) How long did the European phase last in the 7 Years War? It lasted from 1757-to 1763.
(18) What allies of France were in Europe? Austria, Saxony, Russia, Sweden, and Spain.
(18) What allies of Great Britain were in Europe? Prussia and Hanover.
(18) What was the 3 reasons European powers fought in the war? Control of Colonial Land, Control of Trade Routes, Land, Resources, Money, and Power.
(18) What were the 3 major regions of the war? Europe, India, and North America.
(19) What did the British do in the final years of the war? Defeated the French Navy and began to take French colonies in the Caribbean.
(19) What happened to the Cherokee? The British devastated the Cherokee to the South using a strong force.
(19) When did the treaty of Easton occur? Signed in 1758 (Sealed the French Fate)
(19) What did the British promise the Iroquois? They promised the 6 nations of the Iroquois Confederacy to not build any British Settlements west of the Alleghenies in exchange for Neutrality.
(19) What did this treaty do to the French? This forced the French to abandon Fort Duquesne and by 1760 Detroit and Montreal (French Strongholds) had fallen.
(19) On what side did most of the Native Americans fought on? Most fought on the French (Respected their culture).
(19) At the start of the war what British forts were captured by the French? Captured several forts including Fort George and Fort Ontario.
(19) Where did French sided Native Americans attack from and what did they do? They attacked from New York to Virginia (West Virginia) and they would kill settlers, burned farmhouses and crops, and chased Colonists back to the Atlantic Coast.
(20) Why did the Native Americans dislike the British. 1. Showed little culture sensitivity. 2. Traded unfairly. 3. Failed to stop encroachments in Indian Land.
(20) What was the 4 major effects of the French and Indian War? 1. France gives up all land claims in North America. (England and Spain became the 2 major powers in North America) 2. Native American tribes are not recognized in European land claims. 3. England in debt (Distrust between Colonists and England)
(20) How did British victory effect the Native Americans? They had lost there biggest trading partner, the French. The British was also unfair to the Native Americans economical and refused
(16) How long did the British take to go to fort Duquesne and what did they do on the march? They marched in columns and rows and stopped for tea everyday. Took several weeks to get there.
(16) How many people came with Braddock and who were they? 1400 British soldiers and a smaller amount of Colonial Volunteers (George Washington included).
(16) Where did Braddock march to and where did he start from? Braddock marched to Fort Duquesne and started in Virginia.
(16) Who was the first general the British sent in order to expel the French from the Ohio River Valley? General Edward Braddock.
(BP) How long did the French and Indian War Last? 1754-1763.
(BP) Who fought in the French and Indian War between and where was it fought? France and Great Britain, and North America.
(BP) What was the name of the land England owned? 13 Colonies.
(BP) What was the name of the land France owned? New France.
(BP) What are 2 major facts about New France? Unsettled (Less than 100,000) and traded with Native Americans?
(BP) What action did the British do to anger the French? The British traded with Native Americans in New France and undercutter Frances prices.
(BP) What did the French do to solve the British trading problem? The French built forts to keep the British out, and told Native Americans to not trade with the British.
(BP) Who did the Virginia governor send to kick out the British? George Washington.
(BP) What happened in the battle Jumonville Glen? The force lead by George Washington was forced to surrender. This started the French and Indian War.
(BP) What did the British do with Native Americans? Built settlements of on the Native Americans land and thought of them as enemies.
(BP) What did the French do with Native Americans? Respected Native American Culture, Treated them with Dignity, and acted like trading partners.
(BP) What side did the Native Americans primarily fought on, and name on tribe that fought on the opposite (Less popular) side. Most Native Americans fought with the French and a few with British, an example is the Iroquois
(BP) Who was losing at the beginning of the war and why? British were losing, and they lost battles, were on the retreat, and fought on unfamiliar and rugged terrain.
(BP) Who was the leader of Britain who changed the war? William Pitt.
(BP) What was the 4 things William Pitt did to win the French and Indian War (Hint: Related to the Colonists)? Increased public support in American and England.
(BP) What was the 4 things William Pitt did to win the French and Indian War (Hint: Related to Soldiers)? Sent thousands of soldiers to capture French settlements.
(BP) What was the 4 things William Pitt did to win the French and Indian War (Hint: Multiple Fronts)? Brought the war around the world (i.e. Europe and India).
(BP) What was the 4 things William Pitt did to win the French and Indian War (Hint: Navy) Blockaded France= No reinforcements of soldiers and supplies.
(BP) Who died in Quebec and what city was captured a year later? James Wolfe died and Montreal was captured a year later (Ended the war)?
(BP) What was the land change in France in the treaty of Paris in 1763? Lost all land in North America.
(BP) What was the land change in France in the treaty of Paris in 1763? England=Canada, Florida, All land East of the Mississippi
(BP) What was the land change in France in the treaty of Paris in 1763? Spain- All land west of the Mississippi.
(BP) What happened to the England after the French and Indian War, How did this effect the Colonists, and what war did it lead to? England was in debt, taxed the American colonists (Mad because "No Taxation with Representation"), and lead to American Revolution
Created by: 22apatel
Popular U.S. History sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards