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CAOT Chapter 11

Urinary System (key terms)

TermDefinition
electrolyte mineral salt of the body that carries an electrical charge and regulates nerve impulses, muscle contraction, hydration, and blood pH. sodium, chloride, potassium, magnesium, calcium, phosphate, and bicarbonate.
filtrate fluid that passes from the blood through the capillary walls of the glomeruli into the Bowman capsule. similar to plasma but with less protein, urine is formed from this.
nitrogenous waste product of protein metabolism that includes urea, uric acid, creatine, creatinine, and ammonia.
peristaltic wave sequence of rhythmic contraction of smooth muscles of a hollow organ to force material forward and prevent backflow
peritoneum serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity and covers most of the organs within the cavity
pH a symbol that expresses the alkalinity or acidity of a solution. 7.0 is neutral, greater than 7.0 is alkaline, and less than 7.0 is acidic
plasma liquid portion of the blood that is filtered by the nephrons to remove dissolved wastes
Created by: aubreygarcia1993
 

 



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