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CIV M4L1 Key Terms

Civics Module 4 Lesson 1 Key Terms

TermDefinition
Constituents People who are represented in government.
Franking Privilege The right for U.S. representatives to mail items to their constituents for free.
Bicameral Two houses.
Census A count of the population taken every 10 years.
Majority Party The political party in Congress with the most people.
Minority Party The political party in Congress that does NOT have the most people.
Gerrymandering Creating a political district to favor one political party over another to ensure a certain candidate is elected.
Casework When a person/group has an issue with the federal government and receives help from Congress (ex. Veteran concerns, travel abroad issues, tax problems, etc.)
Seniority A ranking in Congress based on how long a member has been in office; those who have been in Congress the longest have seniority.
Select Committee A type of Congressional committee that is based on temporary, short-term issues.
Standing Committee A type of Congressional committee that is based on long-term, permanent issues.
Speaker of the House Leader of the U.S. House of Representatives.
President Pro Tempore Day-to-day leader of the U.S. Senate.
Party Whips Leaders of the political party members in Congress; both the majority and minority parties have party whips.
Qualifications of members of the House of Representatives At least 25 years old, citizen of the U.S. for at least 7 years, and live in the state they represent.
Qualifications of members of the Senate At least30 years old, citizen of the U.S. for at least 9 years, and live in the state they represent.
Elastic Clause Formally known as the "Necessary and Proper Clause," this clause of Article I in the U.S. Constitution gives Congress the power to pass laws that are "necessary and proper" to carry out its expressed powers.
Implied Powers Congressional powers that are not written/expressed in the U.S. Constitution but are granted through the Elastic Clause.
Expressed Powers Congressional powers that are written in the U.S. Constitution.
Writ of Habeas Corpus An order to bring an imprisoned person before a court to challenge the reason for being imprisoned; this cannot be denied by Congress.
Bill of Attainder A law finding a person guilty without trial; this cannot be passed by Congress.
Impeach To accuse an official with misconduct and potentially remove from office.
 



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