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Nature of Science

Science introduction for 6th Grade

Purpose of Science to explain and understand what is observable. 
Hypothesis A plausible answer to a scientific question that can be tested.
Theory Explains natural events and is supported by empirical evidence
Scientific Law describe how objects or systems behave under certain conditions
Ways scientist gather information Research, Observe, Investigate
Pseudoscience Claims, assumptions, and methods that are commonly thought to be based on science but are not scientific
True Science based on empirical evidence and not opinions or bias
descriptive investigations Scientific investigations that involve observing the features of an object or a process and identifying facts that describe the object or process
 comparative investigations Scientific investigations that involve observing the ways in which two or more objects, events, or processes are similar and different.
experimental investigation A scientific investigation designed to demonstrate a fact or make a discovery by performing a test
Steps of an descriptive investigation Ask Questions, Make Observations, Collect Data, Form a conclusion
Steps of an comparative investigation Ask Questions, Make Observations, Collect Data, Compare, Form a conclusion
Steps of an experimental investigation Ask Questions, Research, Hypothesis, Experiment, Collect Data, Form a conclusion
Conclusions A statement that explains the results of your investigation and it’s relationship to your hypothesis (was it right or wrong)
Purpose of Models Allows people to study things too small, large, fast, slow or dangerous
Physical Model Models that you can see and touch.
Conceptual Models Conceptual models are mental images or ideas
Mathematical Models Models that use charts, or graphs and equations
Scale Models A model that shows correct relative sizes and distances, represented by a ratio (1:5)
Created by: rray2017


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