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ENDOCRINE WORD LIST

TermDefinition
DIABETES MELLITUS A COMMON PANCREATIC DISORDER INVOLVING INSULIN SECRETION INTO THE BLOOD, EITHER IN TOO MUCH OR TOO LITTLE QUALITIES
DWARFISM A CONDITION OF BEING NORMALLY SMALL; MAY BE HEREDIATARY OR AN EDNCORINE DYSFUNCTION
POLYPHAGIA A CONDITON OF EATING ABNORMALLY LARGE AMOUNTS OF FOOD
CORTISOL A GLUCOCORTICOIDSECRETED BY THE ADRENAL CORTEX
GLYCOSURIA ABNORMAL AMOUNT OF GLUCOSE IN THE URINE
THYROTOXICOSIS ABNORMAL AMOUNT OF POISING OF THE THYROID GLAND
HYPERVOLEMIA ABNORMAL INCREASE IN THE VOLUME OF BLOOD PLASMA IN THE BODY
GIGANTISM ABNORMAL OVERGROWTH OF THE ENTIRE BODY CAUSED BY HYERSECRETION OF PITUITARY GROWTH
HYPOCALCEMIA ABNORMALLY LOW CALCIUM IN THE BLOOD
ANTAGONISTIC ACTING IN OPPOSITON; MUTUALLY OPPOSING
(RAIU) RADIACTIVE IODINE INTAKE ADMINISTRATION OF A RADIOACTIVE IODINE IN PILL OR LIQUID FORM USED AS A TRACER TO TEST HOW QUCIKLY THE THYROID GLAND TAKES UP IODINE FROM THE BLOOD
EPINEPHRINE ADRELAINE- PRODUCED IN THE ADRENAL MEDULLA. INCREASE HEART RATE, FAT METABOLISM, FOR ENERGY, AND DILATES THE BRONCHIAL TUBES
SYMPATHOMIMETIC AN ACUTE STAGE THAT MIMICS THE EFFECTS OF SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
KETOACIDOSIS AN ACUTE STAGE OF DIABETES MELLITUS CHARACTERIZED BY HYPOTENSION AND EVENTUALLY COMA
PANCREAS AN ORGAN THAT CONTAINS GROUP OF CELLS CALLED THE iSLETS OF lANGERHANS WHICH PRODUCE ENDOCRINE SECRETIONS, SUCH AS INSULIN AND GLUCAGON
SERUM GLUCOSE TESTS BLOOD TESTS TO AID IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF INSULIN DEFICIANCY
MORBID OBESITY BODY MASS INDEX OF 40 OR GREATER OVER IDEAL BODY WEIGHT
ADDISON DISEASE CHRONIC DISORDER OF THE ADRENAL GLANDS CAUSED BY A DEFIENCY OF CORTICAL HORMONES
ISLETS OF LANGHERHANS CLUSTER OF CELLS IN THE PANCREAS WHICH PRODUCE INSULIN AND GLUCAGON
HYPERCALCEMIA CONDITION IN WICH THE CALCIUM LEVEL IN THE BLOOD IS HIGHER THAN NORMAL
HYPERKALEMIA CONDITION IN WHICH THE POTTASSIUM LEVEL IN THE BLOOD IS HIGHER THAN NORMAL
THYROID STORM CRISIS OF UNCOTROLLED HYPERTHYROIDISM CAUSED BY THE RELEASE INTO THE BLOODSTREAM OF INCREASED AMOUNT OF THYROID CRISIS OR THYROTOXIC CRISIS
(ITT) INSULIN TOLERANCE TEST DIAGNOSTIC TEST IN WHICH INJECTED IN VEIN ASSSESS' TO DETERMINE INSULIN SENSITIVITY
CUSHING SYNDROME DISORDER CAUSED BY HYPERSECRETION OF THE ADRENAL CORTEX, RESULTING EXCESSIVE PRODUCTION OF STEROIDS
TRANSPHENOIDAL HYPODPHYSECTOMY ENDOSCOPIC PRODCEDURE TO SURGICALLY REMOVE THE PITUITARY TUMORE TRHROUGH INCISION IN THE SPHENOID SINUS WITHOUT DISTURBING BRAIN TISSUE
OBESITY EXCESSIVE ACCUMALATION OF FAT THAT EXCEEDS THE BODYS SKELETAL AND PHYSICALLY STANDARDS 20 OR MORE
HYPERINSULINISM EXCESSIVE AMOUNT OF INSULIN IN THE BLOOD INSULIN SHOCK
HYPERGLYCEMIA EXCESSIVE AMOUNTS OF SUGAR IN THE BLOOD
HIRSUITISM EXCESSIVE DISTRIBUTION OF BODY HAIR, ESPECAILLY IN WOMEN
HYPERSECRETION EXCESSIVE SECRETION
PARATHYROIDECTOMY EXCISIONOF ONE OR MORE OF THE PARATHYROID GLANDS, USUALLY TO CONTROL HYPERPARATHYROIDISIM
THYMECTOMY EXCISION OF THE THYMUS GLAND
THYROIDECTOMY EXCISION OF THE ENTIRE THYROID GLAND, A PART OF IT OR A SINGLE LOBE
HYPOKALEMIA EXTREME DEPLETION OF POTTASIUM IN THE BLOOD USLLY LOST IN DIURESIS
GLUCOGENESIS FORMATION OF GLUCOSE FROM GLYCOGEN
PARATHYROID GLANDS 4 SEPERATE GLANDS THAT ARE LOCATED ON THE POSTERIOR SURFACE OF THE LOBES ON THE THYROID GLAND
ENDOCRINE GLANDS GLANDS THAT SECRETE HORMONES DIRECTLY INTO THE BLOOD STREAM
GLUCAGON HORMONE PRODUCED BY PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS THAT STUMULATE THE LIVER TO CHANGE STORED GLYCOGEN AND GLUCOSE
INSULIN HORMONE PRODUCED BY PANCREATIC BETA CELLS THAT ALLOWS BODY CELLS TO USE GLUCOSE FOR ENERGY OR STORE IN LIVER AS GLYCOGEN
MINERALOCORTICOIDS REGULATES WATER AND MINERAL SALTS IN THE BODY
PITUITARY GLAND HYPO (LOW) PEA SHAPED GLAND THAT IS LOCATED AT THE BASE OF THE BRAIN
SOMATOTROPIN HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE FOUND IN THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY LOBE
THYROID SCAN IMAGES OF THE THYROID GLAND OBTAINED AFTER ORAL OR INTRAVEANOUS ADMIN SMALL DOES OF RADIOACTIVE IODINE
(CT) COMPUTER TOMOGRAPHY IMAGING TECHNIQUE THAT ROTATES AN X-RAY EMITTER AROUND THE AREA TO BE SCANNED AND MEASURES THE INTESITY OF TRANSMITTED RAYS DIFF ANGLE
HYPOSECRETION INADEQUATE SECRETION
GROWTH HORMONE REPLACEMENTS INCREASE SKELETAL GROWTH IN CHILDREN AND GROWTH HORMONE DEFICIENCIES IN ADULTS
DIURESIS INCREASE FORMATION AND SECRETION OF URINE
ADREANL MEDULLA INNER SECTION OF THE ADRENAL GLAND WHICH SECRETES EPINEPHRINE & NOREPINEPHRINE
ATROPHY LACK OF DEVELOPMENT
THYROID GLAND LARGEST GLAND OF THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM (NECK)
INSULINS LOWER BLOOD GLUCOSE BY PROMOTING ITS ENTRANCE INTO BODY CELLS AND CONVERTING GLUCOSE TO GLYCOGEN
HYPONATREMIA LOWER THAN NORMAL LEVEL OF SODIUM IN THE BLOOD
VIRILISM MASCULINZATION OR DEVELOPMENT OF MALE SECONDARY SEX CHARACHTERISTICS IN A WOMAN
EXOPHTHALMOMETRY MEASURES THE DEGREE OF DSIPLACEMENT OF THE EYEBALL AS SEEN IN GRAVES DISEASE
ORAL HYPODGLYCEMICS MEDICATIONS USED TO STIMUIALATE THE PANCREAS TO SECRETE INSULIN
PINEALECTOMY METHOD OF CHOICE FOR REMOVING A FIBROUS, NODULAR THYROID
ELECTROLYTE MINERAL SALTS THAT CARRY AND ELECTRICAL CHARGE IN SOLUTION
GRAVES DISEASE MULTISYSTEM AUTOIMMUNE DISORDER; ENLARGED THYROID GLAND AND EXOPHTHALMOS
(MRI) MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING NONINVASIVE IMAGINING TECHNIQUE THAT USES RADIO WAVES & STRONG MAGNETIC FIELD RAHER THAT AN X-RAY BEAM TO PRODUCE MULTIPLANAL CROSSSECTIONAL IMAGES
NOREPINEPHRINE NORADRENALIN; PRODUCED IN THE ADRENAL MEDULLA. INCREASES BLOOD PRESSURE AND CONSTRICTS VESSELS
THYROXINE (T4) ONE OF TWO MAJOR HORMONES PRODUCED BY THYROID. REGULATES METABOLISM AND ENERGY LEVELS
TRIIODOTHYRONINE (T3) ONE OF THE TWO MAJOR HORMONES PRODUCED, STORED AND RELEASED BY THE THYROID GLAND
ADDRENAL CORTEX OUTER SECTION OF THE ADRENAL GLAND WHICH SECRETES STEROIDS
PINEAL GLAND PINE-CONE SHAPED GLAND THAT IS ATTACHED TO THE PROSTERIOR PART OF THE THIRD VENTRICLE OF THE BRAIN
METABOLISM PROCESSES IN WHICH SUBSTANCES ARE BROKEN DOWN OR BUILT UP DURING CHEMICAL REACTIONS THAT ARE NECESSARY TO MAINTAIN LIFE
EXOPHTHALMOS PROTRUSION OF EYES DUE TO SWELLING IN TISSUES; GRAVES DISEASE
ACROMEGALY RARE HORMONAL DISORDER IN ADULTHOOD CAUSED BY GH-SECRETING PIUITARY TUMOR THAT PROMOTES THE SOFT TISSUE AND BONES, OF THE FACE HANDS AND FEET TO GROW LARGER THEN NORMAL
ANTIDIURETICS REDUCE OR CONTROL EXCRETION OF URINE
subtotal thyroidectomy removal of most of the thyroid to relieve hyperthyroidism
thyroid supplements replace or supplement thyroid hormones
corticosteroids_ replacement hormones lost in adrenal insufficiency
_(GTT) glucose tolerance test screening test in which a dose of glucose is administered and blood samples are taken afterward at regular intervals to determine how quickly glucose is cleared from the bloo
pheochromocytoma small chromaffin cell tumour, usually located in the adrenal medulla, causing elevated heartrate and blood
aldosterone_ steroid produced in the adrenal cortex. Is essential to life. Maintains sodium and potassium levels
glucocorticoids steroids in the adrenal cortex that influence the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates and proteins
glycogen substance in which carbohydrates are stored in the liver for future conversion into sugar
adrenalectomy surgical excision of an adrenal gland
thyroidectomy surgical excision of the thyroid gland
(TFT) thyroid function test test that detects an increase or decrease in thyroid function
(FBS) fasting blood sugar test that measures glucose levels in a blood sample following a fast of at least 8 hours
total calcium test test that measures calcium to detect bone and parathyroid disorders
endocrinology_ he study of ductless glands, their secretions, and their function of homeostasis
thyrotoxic thyroid poisoning
hypoglycemia too little sugar in the blood
panhypopituitarism total pituitary impairment that brings about a progressive and general loss of hormonal activity
antithyroids treat hyperthyroidism by impeding the formation of T3 and T4 hormone
oral antidiabetics treat type 2 diabetes mellitus by stimulating the pancreas to produce more insulin and decrease peripheral resistance to insulin
adenoma tumour of a gland
insulinoma tumour of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas
adrenal glands two bean-shaped glands situated on top of the kidneys which secrete steroid and sex hormones
thyroid echogram ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland
hypogonadism underdevelopment of internal secretions of male sex glands
antidiuretic hormone vasopressin: promotes reabsorption of water in the kidneys
Created by: leanfig
 

 



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