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SS8H1bc Vocabulary

8th Grade

TermDefinition
buffer a protected area along the frontier to defend more settled areas
Charter a legal document that grants certain rights or privileges including documents passed by state legislatures creating a city or spelling out boundaries, form of government, and powers
colonize to set up a colony
colony a territory on foreign soil claimed, settled, and controlled by another country
corporate colony colony established through a grant of land made by the king to a corporation or company
far east area of Asia that included India, China, Japan, and southeastern Asia
friars catholic missionaries, particularly from Spain, who worked in church missions and outposts in foreign lands
garrison a unit o soldiers
guale the name Spain gave to the northern half of Georgia's coast taken from the name of the Indians who inhabited the area
Huguenots persecuted French Protestants who fled to North America in the 16th and 17th centuries
Indies Another name for the Far East used by Europeans beginning in the 1400s
Joint-Stock company a business given an exclusive charter by the king to settle a new colony in America. The colony was financed by selling stock to investors.
La Florida The Spanish name for the Southeast in the 1500s and 1600s
Line of Demarcation Line drawn by Pope Alexander in 1493 to divide the rights to the New World between Spain and Portugal
Mayflower Compact contract signed by Pilgrims in which they agreed to be governed by fair and just laws promoting the general good
Mercantilism a trade policy based on the idea that a country should sell more to other countries than it buys from them, in order to increase its wealth.
missions church outposts, usually in foreign lands
Mocama The Spanish province, in 16th and 17th centuries, on the southern half of Georgia's coast between the altamaha and St. Marys Rivers
New World Name given in the 15th century by Amerigo Vespucci to the newly discovered continents of South America, North America, and surrounding areas.
Pilgrims members of a religious group that chose to separate and break away from the Church of England. Pilgrims settled in American in 1620
proprietary colony established when the king issued a charter granting ownership of a colony to a person or a group
Puritans members of a Protestant religious group who were opposed to the Church of England's practices and wanted to change them
royal colony a colony set up and run directly by the British government in the 1600s and 1700s
Created by: heatherkirk1978