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SS8H1a (Native Ams)

Native Americans SS8H1a

TermDefinition
Archaeologist A scientist who learns about earlier societies by discovering and studying physical evidence of their lifestyles
Archaic Indians prehistoric Native Americans who lived in the Southeast during the period from about 8000 to 1000 B.C.
artifact an object made or shaped by humans such as projectile points, tools, pottery, and jewelry
Atlatl a spear-throwing tool develop by early prehistoric Indians to increase the speed and distance a spear could be thrown
Band a group of people
Beringia the exposed land between Alaska and Siberia during the Ice Age that served as a bridge between North America and Asia
Carbon-14 dating technique used to find the age of plant or animal matter by determining the amount of carbon 14 still in its remains
Cheifdom a social and political institution that developed during the Mississippian Indian period. ruled over by a priest-chief, a chiefdom could consist of from one to many villages
context how something relates to its surroundings
culture the way of life of a particular group of people at a particular time
ecofacts natural objects, such as bones, teeth, and shells, that have survived from earlier cultures
effigy an image of a person or an animal
excavate to dig to expose a site and uncover archaeological evidence
feature in archaeology, a specific area of human activity visible in the ground
hieroglyphics a form of writing developed by the ancient Egyptians that consisted of symbols and images
ice age a geologic age of the earth when much of the earth's water was frozen into glaciers and polar ice, causing ocean levels to fall
middens massive heaps of discarded oyster and mussel shells
migration movement of humans or animals from one place to another
Mississippian Indians the prehistoric Native American culture that first developed along the Mississippi River around A.D. 700 to 900, later spreading to other areas in the Southeast
Moat a wide ditch around a village palisade used to provide protection against attack
nomads wanderers
organic plant or animal matter
Paleo-Indians the first prehistoric Native Americans to live in the Southeast, from approximately 10,000 to 8000 B.C.
Palisade a wall made of tall posts build around Mississippian Indian villages for protection
postmolds stains in soil left from wooden posts
prehistory the period before written records were kept
projectile points the general term archaeologist use for the stone points (heads) of spears and arrows made by Indians
shreds bits of broken pottery left by earlier societies
site the location where an archaeological team attempts to locate clues from previous societies
tradition another word for Native American cultural periods, such as the Paleo Indian Tradition
Wattle and daub combination of wood and clay used by the Mississippian Indians for building their houses
Woodland Indians the prehistoric Native American culture that existed between Archaic and Mississippian periods, lasting roughly from 1000B.C. to A.D. 1000
Created by: heatherkirk1978