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Chapter 1 Terms

Disease Process

TermDefinition
Amino Acid A large group of organic compounds constituting the primary building blocks of proteins
Analgesic Drug or other agent used to relieve pain
Anaphylaxis Allergic reaction of the body to a foreign body or other substance. Sometimes sudden,unusually severe and sometime life threatening.
Antibody Protein substance produced by the body immune system in response to and interacting with a specific agent
Antiemetic Drug or other agent used to stop vomiting
Antigen Any substance that, when introduced into the body, causes the production of a specific antibody by the immune system
Chromosome In human cells a linear structure in the nucleus composed of DNA and proteins and bearing part of the genetic information of the cell. Each human cell (except the egg or sperm cell) has 46 chromosomes, occurring in 23 pairs.
Diuretic Drug or agent that promotes the secretions of urine
Dyspnea Labored or difficulty breathing, generally indicating an insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood
Edema Excessive accumulation of fluid in bodily tissues, May be local or generalized
Erythema (Erythematous)Diffused redness of the skin due to dilation of the superficial capillaries
Genotype Description of the combination of genes of an individual , either with respect to a single trait or with respect to a larger set of traits. ( Contrast with phenotype)
Heterozygous Possessing different genes from each parent for a different trait
Homeostasis Tendency of the body systems to maintain stability even though they are exposed to continually changing outside forces.
Homozygous Possessing identical genes from each parent for a particular trait
Hypovolemic Shock Condition of severe physiologic distress caused by such a large decrease in the circulating blood volume that the body's metabolic needs cannot be meet.
Hypoxemia decreased concentration of oxygen in the inspired air and body tissues.
Incontinence Inability to control the passage of urine, semen, or feces due to one or more physiological or psychological conditions,
Lymphadenopathy Disease of the lymph nodes, usually manifested as swelling of the nodes
Macrophage Any of the class of cells within the body tissues having the ability to engulf particular substance and microorganisms
Metastasis Movement of bacteria or body cells, especially cancer cells, from one part of the body to another, typically by way of the circulatory system.
Nosocomial Occurring in a health care setting
Osteomalacia Disease caused by vitamin D deficiency in adults that causes soft, flexible, brittle, deformed bones.
Pathogenic Capable of causing disease
Phagocytosis Ingestion and Digestion of bacteria, other cells, and particles by a class of cells called phagocytes
Phenotype Observable physical characteristics of an individual, determined by the combined influences of the individual's genetic makeup and the effects of environmental factors. (contrast with genotype)
Polymorphonuclear Leukocyte White blood cell that possess a nucleus composed of 200 or more lobes or parts.
Pruritus Severe Itching
Sequela Condition that is the result of a disease
Stridor Harsh, high-pitched sound during respiration due to obstruction of air passage
Syncope Transient loss of consciousness due to inadequate blood flow to the brain
Syndrome A group of symptoms or signs linked by a common pathological history
Tachycardia Abnormally rapid heart beat, generally defined as exceeding 100 beats per minute
Urticaria Vascular reaction f the skin characterized by the temporary eruption of wheals; hives
Created by: kspoon2551