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A little about breathing and eating

parietal pleura parietal = on the parameter, lines the cavity pleura = lung membrane membrane on the parameter of the pleural space, lines the thoracic cavity.
pharyngeal tonsils located near the opening of the nasal cavity into the pharynx When these tonsils become enlarged they may interfere with breathing and are called adenoids
epiglottis flap that covers the airway when swallowing
trachea windpipe, about 4 inches long and less than an inch in diameter The trachea divides into two smaller tubes called bronchi.
inspiration and expiration inhalation and exhalation breathing, respiration
surfactant found in the lungs and helps maintain appropriate surface tension
diaphragm muscle under the lungs responsible for some aspects of respiration
hemoglobin caries oxygen in the blood Its molecule comprises four subunits, each containing an iron atom bound to a heme group
Carbaminohemoglobin a compound of haemoglobin and carbon dioxide, and is one of the forms in which carbon dioxide exists in the blood
mediastinum median - between the lungs a membranous partition between two body cavities or two parts of an organ, especially that between the lungs
vagus nerve long nerve that activates, among many other structures, the diaphragm.
hypercapnia excess carbon dioxide excessive carbon dioxide in the bloodstream, typically caused by inadequate respiration
orthopnea ortho = position pnea = breathing as... breathing is easier or facilitated by position, - sitting up rather than laying
hypocapnea hypo = lower or slower pnea = breathing
apnea a = not pnea = breathing temporary stoppage of breathing
dyspneic dys = dysfunctional pneic = breathing adj. pertaining to
anoxia a = absence, not oxia = oxygen an absence or deficiency of oxygen reaching the tissues
dysphonia Functional dysphonia is poor voice quality without any obvious anatomical, neurological or other organic difficulties involuntary dysfunction in the muscles of the voice box or larynx
tonsillar pertaining to a tonsil
splenalgia pain in the spleen
thym/o thymus
lymph fluid that drains from the tissues and travels via the lymph vessels to the heart the lymph vessels are blind ended and have one way valves so the lymph travels only toward the heart
tonsilectomy removal - ectomy of a tonsil
peyer patches lymphatic, absorbs the tiny droplets of fat, protective from microorganisms, in the lining of the intestine
appendix veriform appendix a fingerlike projection from the intestine - holds the ancient bacteria commonly removed when indicated
rhino nose rhinorrhea is rrhea of the nose
epiglottis flap that keeps food from going into the lungs when eating
pneumonopathy disease of the lungs pathy - disease lung pneumon
endotracheal endo - in tracheal - pertaining to the trachea
itis inflammation pneumonitis inflammation of the lung
intrapleural between the pleural membranes
Pneumothorax air between the pleural membranes
pathy disease anything pathy is a disease of whatever that is
phrenodynia pain in the diaphragm; called also diaphragmalgia and phrenodynia
centesis puncturing a body cavity or organ with a hollow needle in order to draw out fluid
pleura lung or pleural space
ectomy surgical removal
phrenic relating to the diaphragm. "the phrenic nerves"
bronch/o pertaining to the bronchioles
stenosis stenosis is a narrowing
epi covering
glottis the part of the larynx consisting of the vocal cords and the opening between them. It affects voice modulation through expansion or contraction
scope tool for visualization
laryng/o larynx
trachiotome trachia tome - instrument
itis inflammation
ectasis dilatation or distension of a hollow organ. ectasia. dilatation, distention, distension - the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions
Rhin nose
expire exhale
inspire inhale
gram visual portrayal, graphic record
spirogram a graphic record of respiratory movements traced on a revolving drum
ptysis suffix meaning a "spitting of matter": albuminoptysis, hemoptysis, plasmoptysis
NSR normal sinus rhythm
SK streptokinase
PVD peripheral vascular disease
MI myocardial infarction
P pulse
atelectasis collapse of lung tissue with loss of volume
BPM beats per minute
residual volume the air reserved in the lungs after exhaling as much as possible
tidal volume the air volume in and out when breathing while resting
expiratory reserve volume what can be exhaled after a normal exhalation
hypercapnia too much carbon dioxide (CO2) in your bloodstream. It usually happens as a result of hypoventilation, or not being able to breathe properly and get oxygen into your lungs
aspiration inhalation of food or substance into the lungs
Cheyne Stokes respiration abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by progressively deeper, and sometimes faster, breathing followed by a gradual decrease that results in a temporary stop in breathing called an apnea. - usually taking 30 seconds to 2 minutes
RDS respiratory distress syndrome premature infants without enough surfactant
TB, tuberculosis infectious disease caused by the tubercle bacillus lungs but may affect other parts of the body. In the spine it is Potts disease
bronchoscope scope to view the bronchi oles
dyspnea difficult or labored breathing, p 254
atelectasis incomplete expansion of a lung or part of a lung, lung collapse, p254
diptheria acute infectious disease usually limited to the upper respiratory tract. formation of psuedomembrane of cells and coagulated material
Cor pulmonale an alteration in the structure and function of the right ventricle (RV) of the heart caused by a primary disorder of the respiratory system Pulmonary hypertension is often the common link between lung dysfunction and the heart in cor pulmonale
pulse oximetry determination of the oxygen saturation of arterial blood gasses by using a photoelectric appatarus (oximeter) usually placed on the finger
epistaxis acute hemorrhage from the nostril, nasal cavity, or nasopharynx nose bleed
Mantoux test a test for immunity to tuberculosis using intradermal injection of tuberculin.
antitussive anti coughing drug
anesthetics reduce or eliminate sensation p145
adrenergics mimic the action of the sympathetic nervous system, for bromchospasms, allergic reactions, epinephrine, dopamine
analgesics pain reliever
COPD several chronic diseases of the lungs asthma, emphysema, bronchitis
CO2 carbon dioxide
O2 oxygen
antineoplastics destroy cancer cells
diuretics promote H2O excretion
antidiuretics conserve H2O in the body
AFB AFB testing may be used to detect several different types of acid-fast bacilli, but it is most commonly used to identify an active tuberculosis
LLL lower left quadrant
peristalsis the involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal, creating wave-like movements that push the contents of the canal forward.
cecum formally vermiform appendix, in anatomy, a vestigial hollow tube that is closed at one end and is attached at the other end to the cecum, a pouchlike beginning of the large intestine into which the small intestine empties its contents.
gallbladder The gallbladder primarily stores, concentrates, and releases bile.
liver Your Liver. It cleans your blood. It produces an important digestive liquid called bile. It stores energy in the form of a sugar called glycogen.
bile breaks down fat into tiny droplets
small intestine ileum, jejunum, duodenum
large intestine ascending, transverse, descending, (left or Sigmoid colon)
stomatosis (stōmă-topă-thē, -tōsis) Any disease of the oral cavity.
glossolabial (glŏs″ō-lā′bē-ăl) [″ + L. labium, lip] Pert. to the tongue and lips.
gnathic relating to the jaws.
buckle within the cheek, outside of the teeth
buccinator a flat, thin muscle in the wall of the cheek.
ectomy removal of
scopy visual examination of
scope instrument used to view
pyloroplasty surgery to widen the opening in the lower part of the stomach (pylorus) so that stomach contents can empty into the small intestine (duodenum). The pylorus is a thick, muscular area. When it thickens, food cannot pass through
gingiva gums,
clysis introduction of large amounts of fluid into the body usually by parenteral injection to replace that lost (as from hemorrhage or in dysentery or burns), to provide nutrients, or to maintain blood pressure — see hypodermoclysis, phleboclysis, proctoclysis. such as in the colon
orrhaphy Suture (joint in which the opposed surfaces are closely united or material used in closing a surgical wound with stitches) of the Achilles tendon. angiorrhaphy.
pexy fixation
megaly enlarged,
hepato liver
renal kidney
cardiac heart
gastric stomach
chole chole- a combining form meaning “bile,” “gall,” used in the formation of compound words: cholesterol.
entero the United States experienced a nationwide outbreak of EV-D68 associated with severe respiratory illness. ... Mild symptoms of enterovirus infection may include fever, runny nose, sneezing, cough, and body and muscle aches. as the EV, enterovirus
tripsy crushing like crushing kidney stones (lith/o)
lith/o stone
pancreat/o about the pancrease
icterus jaundice. yellowing from build up of bilirubin
ascites fluid in the abdomen
occult blood coffee ground looking if from higher up, bright red if from close like hemorrhoids blood passed from the intestine
chewing mastication
cachexia weakness and wasting of the body due to severe chronic illness.
caries cavities
dentition number and arrangement of teeth
gavage the administration of food or drugs by force, especially to an animal, typically through a tube leading down the throat to the stomach.
HCL stomach acid
. Located inferior to the diaphragm, above and to the left of the cardia, is the dome-shaped fundus.
visceral pleura visceral = on the organ pleura = lung -membrane The membrane covering the lungs
Created by: marye58