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5.2, 6.1, 8.2 Vocab

Somatic cell Body cells that make up most of your body tissues and organs.
Gamete Sex cells or eggs in females and spermatozoa or sperm cells in the male.
Homologous chromosome One inherited from the mother, one from the father that have the same length and general appearance.
Autosome Chromosomes that contain genes for characteristics not directly related to the sex of an organism.
Sex chromosome Chromosome that directly controls that development of secual characteristics.
Chromosome One long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes along with regulatory information.
Histone Your chromosomes is associated with a group of proteins.
Chromatin The “spaghetti” stage is the loose combination of DNA strand folds back on itself.
Chromatid One half of a duplicated chromosome
Centromere A region of the condensed chromosome that looks pinched
Nucleotide The small units that make up DNA
Double Helix Two strands of DNA wind around each other like a twisted ladder
Base pairing rules Thymine always pairs with adenine, and cytosine always pairs with guanine
Created by: ungercar8181