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Motivation&Emotion

PSYCH TEST 3

TermDefinition
Biological Motivation Food, Water, Sex
Emotional motivation Panic, Fear, Love, Hate
Cognitive motivation perception, beliefs, expectations
Social Motivation peer pressure, other's reactions
Maslow's Heirarchy of Needs Lower level needs must be met before higher lvl ones are met
Maslow's 1st need Physiological - breathing, food, water, NECESSITIES
Maslow's 2nd need Safety - SECURITY OF... body, employment, resources, family, health, property
Maslow's 3rd need Love & Belonging - Friendship, family, sexual intimacy
Maslow's 4th need self-esteem, respect of others & by others
Maslow's 5th need lack of prejudice, problem solving, creativity, morality, acceptance of facts
Evolutionary Model of Motivation - Instincts hardwired, AUTOMATIC behavior
Evolutionary Model of Motivation - ultimate goal to enhance SURVIVAL of ourselves & our goals
Optimal-Arousal Model of Motivation general level of ACTIVATION, everyone has a PEAK_PERFORMANCE level of arousal
Optimal-Arousal Model of Motivation IS... Individual based. Ppl are motivated to behave in ways that will help them maintain their optimum level of arousal. (explains risk-taking, curiosity)
Drive Reduction Model of Motivation motivation to BALANCE biological needs. MAINTAIN HOMEOSTASIS, Physiological EQUILIBRIUM.
Drive Reduction Model of Motivation - NEEDS Biological req. for well-being (created by imbalance of homeostasis)
Drive Reduction Model of Motivation - DRIVE Psychological state that provides motivation (created by imbalance of homeostasis)
Drive Reduction Model of Motivation - Incentive External object/event that motivates behavior (created by imbalance of homeostasis)
Unbalanced Equilibrium = Need = Drive = Behavior that satifies need & reduces drive = Equilibrium Restored
Motivation- Need to Belong lack of belonging leads to physical and psychological problems.
Motivation- Need to Achieve Desire to do things well & overcome obstacles. Based on current standing & goals.
Intrinsic Motivation INTERNAL, do it b/c you love it
Extrinsic Motivation EXTERNAL, do it for rewards/praise
Affect A VARIETY of emotional phenomena
Valence Affect Positive or negative
Arousal Affect LEVEL of physiological activity
Emotions BRIEF changes in consious experience & physiology that occur in response to a personally meaningful situation
Mood Affective states that operate in the BACKGROUND of conciousness & tend to last longer
UNIVERSAL EMOTIONS (7) Sadness, Anger, Disgust Happiness, Contempt, Fear, Surprise
Self-conscious Emotion Req. sense of self & ability to reflect on actions occur of NOT meeting expectations or NOT abiding by society's rules
Self Concious Emotions (5) Pride, Humiliation, Embarrasment, Guilt, Shame
Positive Emotions WIDEN attention
Negative Emotions` NARROW attention
Negative emotions CAUSE (action) to withdraw/avoid
Positive emotions CAUSE (action) to approach/explore
Emotions can be modified with thoughts how you express emotions does not equal experience of emotions
Physiology of emotion Limbic systm. / Sympathetic or Parasympathetic Systm.
Behavior of Emotion Emotional expression
SUBJECTIVE experience Labeling emotion (body language)
Pyramidal voluntary/faked smile
EXTRApyramidal involuntary/ real smile
Focal Emotion an emotion that is especially common within a PARTICULAR CULTURE
Affect Valuation Theory Emotions that promote important cultural ideals are VAlued & play an important role in society
James-Lang Theory of Emotion PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE CAUSES EMOTION
JamesLongTheory FACIAL FEEDBACK HYPOTHESIS we experience emotions ONCE we RECOGNIZE the physical changes taking place
Cannon Bard Theory of Emotion Emotion & Physiology are SIMULTANEOUS.
Cognitive arousal theory (2 factor theory) Emotions are influenced by how we INTERPRET cause of event/arousal (we must see WHAT is causing emotion before we can experience emotion)
Attributions Emotion comes from identifying the cause of an event
Sympathetic System Arouses you in a crisis, FLIGHT OR FIGHT
Para Sympathetic Slows down heart rate, breathing and makes you feel okay again
Created by: odettelira