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Chapter 4 Plants

All plants are: multicellular, autotrophs, eukaryotes
Where is water stored in a plant cell? vacuole
What do ancient algae and today's plants have in common? the same kind of chlorophyll
What reduces evaporation from the leaves of a plant? the cuticle
What is the green pigment in leaves called? chlorophyll
What does the most abundant pigment in leaves do with green light? reflects it
Name the two raw materials of photosynthesis. carbon dioxide and water
How do vascular and nonvascular plants differ? In how they transport materials
What parts of the fern grow underground? roots and stems
What do ferns have that mosses do not? vascular tissue
Why do most ferns live in moist environments? Reproduction (so sperm and egg can join)
What happens to white light when it travels through a prism? It is broken up into the visible spectrum
What are the products of photosynthesis? oxygen and sugar (glucose)
What are groups of similar cells that perform a specific function called? tissues
What part of a plant's cell does photosynthesis take place in? chloroplasts
What is the part of a moss that absorbs water and nutrients from the soil called? rhizoid
Sphaghum moss becomes peat when it does not ____ after it dies decay
Name three functions of a plant's vascular tissue. transport water and food support plant expose leaves to sun
What are the leaves of a fern called? fronds
Ferns, horsetails, and __ are all vascular plants club mosses
In plants, sexual reproduction occurs when a sperm cell and an egg cell unite to form a __. zygote
______, liverworts, and hornworts are all types of nonvascular plants. mosses
what do ferns use to reproduce? spores
Plant cell walls contain a rigid material called _____. cellulose
What is the waxy, waterproof layer that covers the leaves of most plants called? cuticle
What kind of environments do mosses live in? moist environments where they can absorb water
What does the capsule at the end of a moss sporophyte contain? spores
Where are the stems of most ferns located? underground
Because of their appearance, the developing leaves of many ferns are called ___. fiddleheads
What can be found on the underside of a fern's fronds" spore cases
What is the difference in appearance of a vascular plant and a nonvascular plant? vascular plants are taller/larger. Nonvascular plants are much smaller and grow low to the ground.
Created by: gsaliba