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Unit 5A

Natural Selection

TermDefinition
Natural Selection The process whereby organisms better adapted to their environment tend to survive and produce more offspring over long periods of time.
Selective Breeding The process by which humans choose a plant of animal to breed based on specific traits by choosing which plants or animals will sexually reproduce to create the desired offspring.
Organism An individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form
Enviroment The surrounding or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives.
Genetic Traits Characteristics that are passed on to offspring (inherited) from parents.
Genetically Modified Organism (GMOs) Organisms engineered to contain foreign DNA that the organism could not obtain in traditional breeding which is usually done to introduce a beneficial trait.
Adaptation A body part, feature, or behavior that helps a living thing survive and function better in in its environment that is developed through natural selection.
Charles Darwin Naturalist who is famous for his work on natural selection and did 5 years doing research on his ship the HMS Beagle. Born in England (1809-1882) and wrote "On the Origin of Species."
Created by: PRO Teacher dowdyp