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unit 5 vocab

QuestionAnswer
Creole language A language that results from mixing of a colonizers language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
Dialect a regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and punctuation.
Isogloss A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate.
Isolated language A language that is unrelatable to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.
Language family A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
Lingua franca A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native language.
official language The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
Pidgin language A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca: used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
Received pronunciation The dialect of English associated with upper class Britons living in London and now considered standard in the United Kingdom.
Agnosticism Belief that nothing can be known about whether God exists.
Animism Belief that objects such as plant and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
Atheism Belief that God does not exist
Caste The class or distinct hereditary order in which a Hindu is assigned, according to religious law.
Ethnic Religion a religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
Fundamentalism Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion or a religious branch, denomination or sect.
Missionary An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion.
Monotheism The doctrine of or belief int eh existence of only one God.
Pilgrimage A journey to a place considered sacred fro religious purposes.
Polytheism Belief in or worship of more than one God.
Syncretic Religion A religion that combines several traditions.
Universalizing religion A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location.
Aparthied laws no longer in affect in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas
Balkanizaiton A process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities.
Blockbusting A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that persons of color will soon move into the neighborhood.
Centripetal force An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state.
Ethnic cleansing A process in which a more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region.
Ethnicity Identify with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.
Genocide The mass killing of a group of people in an attempt to eliminate the entire group from existence.
Nationalism loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality
Nationality Identify with a group of people that share legal attachment and personal alligence to a particular place as a result of being born there.
centrifugal force to spread out from the center
Created by: delaneyferris