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Organs

Anatomy & Physiology

TermDefinition
Organ A structure made up of two or more kinds of tissue and is organized to perform a more complex function than does one organ
System A group of organs that together perform a more complex function than does one organ
Integumentary System made up of one organ, the skin
appendages skin structures that include hair, nails, and sweat and oil producing glands
Skeletal system Made up of bones,cartilage,ligaments
joints connections between two or more bones
voluntary muscle ability to contract when stimulated by conscious nerve regulation
tendon connects muscle to the bone
smooth muscle found in walls of hollow organs
cardiac muscle found in the wall of the heart
involuntary muscles regulated by subconscious mechanisms smooth/cardiac
nerve impulses signals generated by the nervous system
Central Nervous System made up of brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system cranial, spinal nerves and all their branches
Endocrine System composed of glands that secrete hormones into the blood
Cardiovascular System consists of the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries
Lymphatic system include lymph nodes, tonsils, thymus gland, and spleen
lymph watery fluid that contains lymphocytes
Immune System composed of phagocytes and defensive protein molecules
Respiratory System Includes the nose, larynx(voice box), pharynx, trachea (windpipe), bronchi, and lungs
alveoli tiny, thin walled sacs of the lungs
Accessory digestive organs teeth, salivary glands, tongue, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and appendix
Preliminary digestive organs mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, sm and large intestine, rectum, anal canal
Urinary System include the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
male gonads testes
female gonads ovaries
vas deferens extends from each testis and leads to urethra
Immunosuppresive drugs are given after organ transplants
Not considered part of the CNS the cranial nerves
prosthesis replacement or enhancement of a non vital organ
Cochlear implants artificial ears
dialysis machine artificial kidney
engineered tissues and organs the ability to "grow" human tissues and organs in a lab
Created by: Jen88