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SOCI Chpt. 4

Culture & Socialization

TermDefinition
Symbolic Interaction Individuals conception of relationship to culture is called SELF
Development of SELF happens through... symbolic interactions w/ others, using LANGUAGE
Looking Glass Self Theory (Cooley) Individuals self perception arises from social interaction w/ others (society is the mirror on the wall)
Two PARTS to Self Theory (MEad) "I" = subject part "ME" = object part
"I" part of self Who I want to be
"Me" part of self Who others want ME to be
Socialization the social proccess where we DEVELOP PERSONALITIES & learn about our SOCIETY & CULTURE and how it wants us to behave
Preparatory (Mead Self development #1) IMITATE what they see, don't understand what they are imitating tho
Play Stage (Mead Self development #2) PRETEND to be other ppl w/out understanding gender roles
Game Stage (Mead Self development #3) Shows there are FORMAL rules & ROLES to games
Gender Socialization TEACHES the psychological & social traits that go w/ a persons sex
Race Socialization TEACHES the behaviors, values, & attitudes associated w/ racial groups
Class Socialization TEACHES the norms, values, traits, & behaviors based on social class you're in
Culture (Sumner) Socially LEARNED knowledge & BEHAVIOR that defines a GROUP
Material culture artifacts
Norms rules of how to behave/consuct
Values what is percieved to be good/right
Language Symbolic communication that can include body language
Technology knowledge of how to make & use artifacts
Myths FALSE BELIEFS that often have REAL social CONSEQUENCES (Thomas Theorem)
Cultural UNIVERSALS ALL groups have SAME problems of SURVIVAL
cultural VARIABILITY each group has DIFFERENT solution to same problems of survival
1st survival problem - ECONOMY what goods & services will u produce, distribute, & consume
2nd survival problem- GOVT. How will group make decisions?
3rd survival problem- FAMILY what does a family look like? What are the rules of reproduction
4th survival problem- EDUCATION/SOCIALIZATION informal (learn on own) or formal (gets taught) process for new members?
5th survival problem- RELIGION in a crisis, what will hold ur culture together?
Gramsci culture is an object of power
Hegemony DOMINANT group maintains power by control of culture (like spoken language in america school is English, or u fail)
GeroTRANSCENDence elders 1)realize not everything in life has an explination 2)Realize life's puzzle pieces form a whole 3)not interested in superficial
Socializing agents individuals, groups, or institutions responsible for socializing
deference there are Better & Worse races
difference there's actually not equality for all groups
Created by: odettelira