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Unit 1 Review

European Exploration Review

What was the main motivator for European exploration? Wealth
What was the goal of the first European explorers? Find a water route to Asia
What was a positive effect of Christopher Columbus's voyages to the Americas? Transfer of foods between Europe and the Americas
What negative effect did the Columbian Exchange have on the indigenous peoples of the Americas? Many died of diseases.
What was the main goal of the Spanish conquistadors who came to the Americas? To conquer a large empire for Spain.
What was the main goal of the Spanish missionaries? To convert the natives to christianity.
What was the relationship between the French and the natives? Business partners
What was the London Company's reason for sending settlers to Virginia? To start a money making colony.
What was an important economic activity of the French and Dutch settlements? Fur trading
How was New Amsterdam different from other European settlements? It had a diverse population.
What did Europeans hope to gain from a northwest passage? A passage to Asia.
Why did the French, English, and Dutch explore the northern parts of the Americas? Spain and Portugal had claimed southern territories and dominated southern trade routes.
Who gave Florida its name? Juan Ponce de Leon
Who was the first explorer to realize the Americas were not Asia? Amerigo Vespucci
What was the key crop that came from the Americas as part of the Columbian Exchange? Potato
Which explorer was looking for a "fountain of youth" in current day Florida? Juan Ponce de Leon
What is the oldest continuously occupied settlement in North America? St. Augustine
What crop did the Jamestown settlers plant that enabled them to make a profit? Tobacco
For what country did Jacques Cartier claim land during his trips to Canada? France
What country explored modern day Florida and the Southwestern United States? Spain
What was the exchange of plants, animals, diseases and technology across the Atlantic Ocean between Europe and the Americas Columbian Exchange.
What explorer sailed up a river and claimed land for the Dutch? Henry Hudson
How did the Dutch come to claim Manhattan? They purchased it from Native Americans.
Created by: MsWoosley



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