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Grammar Vocab

TermDefinition
action verb tells what subject is doing
adjective clause dependent clause that acts as an adj.
adjective phrase prep. phrase that acts as an adj.
adverb clause dependent clause that acts as an adv.
adverbial noun a n. that acts as an adv.
adverb phrase a prep. phrase that acts as an adv.
adverb of affirmation tells whether a statement is positive or expresses consent or approval
adverb of degree tells how much or how little
adverb of manner tells how or in what manner
adverb of negation expresses a negative condition or refusal
adverb of place tells where
adverb of time tells when or how often
antecedent the word a pronoun refers to
appositive a word that follows a noun and helps identify it or adds more information about it
appositive phrase an appositive and its modifiers
comparative adverb used to compare adv.
complex sentence a sentence with 1 independent clause and 1 dependent clause
compound sentence a sentence with 2 independent clauses
compound complex sentence a sentence with 2 independent clauses and 1 dependent clause
conjunctive adverb an adv. that connects independent clauses
coordinating adverb connects words and groups of words that are similar
correlative conjunction used in pairs to connect words or groups of words that have equal importance
demonstrative adjective points out a particular person place or thing
dependent clause a type of clause that cannot stand alone
descriptive adjective gives info regarding the number, color, size, or another quality of a n. or pron.
direct object tells whom or what after the v.
indefinite adjective refers to part or all of a group
indefinite pronoun refers to any or all of s group of people, places, or things
independent clause a clause that can stand alone
indirect object tells to whom or for whom, or to what or for what, the actin is done
intensive pronoun used to emphasize the preceding noun or pronoun
interrogative adjective used to ask a question
interrogative adverb an adv. used to ask a question
interrogative pronoun used to ask a question
intransitive verb a v. that does not have a receiver for it action
joint possession one thing is owned together
linking verb a v. that connects the sub. to the sc.
multi-word preposition 2 or more words that show the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and some other word in a sentence
nonrestrictive phrase not necessary to understand the sentence
objective pronoun the case of pronouns used as an object of a v. or an object of a prep.
plural noun a n. that speaks about 2 or more things
possessive noun expresses possession or ownership
possessive pronoun shows possession or ownership
pronoun-case the type of pron.
pronoun-gender whether the antecedent is feminine, masculine, or neutral
pronoun-number whether the number refers to one or more
pronoun-person tells who is speaking
reflexive pronoun used as an object of a verb or an object of a preposition
relative pronoun used to join a dependent clause to its antecedent in the independent clause
restrictive phrase necessary in order to understand the sentence
separate possession each person owns something independently
simple sentence an independent clause that stands alone
subject tells what the sentence is about
subject compliment a n. or adj. that renames the subject
subject pronoun used as a subject or a sc.
subordinate conjunction used to join an independent clause and a dependent clause
superlative adverb used to compare adv.
transitive verb a verb that has a DO
predicate noun (nominative) the noun that follows a linking verb
predicate adjective the adjective that follows a linking verb
auxiliary verb (helping verb) helps the main verb express tense and voice
verb phrase consists of a main verb and any auxiliary verbs
phrasal verb a combination of the main verb and a preposition
active voice a transitive verb when the subject is the doer of the action
passive voice when the subject is the receiver of the action
preposition a word that shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and some other word in a sentence
prepositional phrase composed of the preposition and the object of the preposition
modal auxiliary auxiliary verbs that are used to express permission, possibility, ability, necessity, obligation, and intention
Created by: Rootbeer427