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Unit 1B

Cell Theory

TermDefinition
Cell Basic unit of life
Cell Function All cells are not the same, the function of the cell is going to determine the structure
Cell Theory The theory that all living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things, and new cells are produced from existing cells
Robert Hooke First to observe "small chambers" in cork and call them cells.
Anton van Leeuwenhoek Father of microbiology who made the first simple microscope
Matthias Schleiden Concluded that all plants are made up of cells
Theodor Schwann concluded that all animals are made of cells
Rudolph Virchow doctor who discovered that all cells come from pre-existing living cells
Homeostasis A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level
Metabolism The combination of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials
Prokaryotic An organism whose cells do not have an enclosed nucleus, such as bacteria.
Eukaryotic A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. Eukaryotes can be unicellular (protists) or multicellular (fungi, plants and animals).
Metabolic Relating to or deriving from the metabolism of a living organism
Created by: PRO Teacher dowdyp