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Chem I Vocab - Wk 3

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
a, an not, without (atypical, anaerobic)
acid, acri sour, sharp (acid, acrid)
ag, act move, proceed (reagent, reaction)
al, allo other, different (alter, alien)
alpha first (alpha particle, alpha ray)
amin amine (amino acid, vitamin)
amph double, both (Amphoteric species can act as both acids and bases)
an apart (Analytical chemists break compounds apart to determine chemical structure.)
-ane single covalent bond (Methane, ethane, propane, and butane have only single bonds.)
-ate negatively charged ion (Carbonate, phosphate, and sulfate are negatively charged ions.)
anti against, opposite, inhibit (Antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E, inhibit oxidation.)
aqu water (In aqueous solutions, the solute is dissolved in water.)
conversion factor a factor used to convert between two separate units
decimal part One part of a number expressed in scientific notation
density a fundamental property of materials that relates mass and volume and differs from one substance to another.
English system A unit system commonly used in the United States
exponent A number that represents the number of times a term is multiplied by itself.
exponential part One part of a number expressed ins scientific notation.
International System The standard set of units for science measurements, based on the metric system.
kilogram The SI standard unit of mass
liter a metric unit of capacity = 1000 cubic centimeters
mass A measure of the quantity of matter within an object.
meter The SI standard unit of length.
metric system The unit system commonly used throughout most of the world.
prefix multipliers these multipliers change the value of the unit by powers of 10
scientific notation A system used to write very big or very small numbers; consists of a decimal part and an exponential part.
second (s) The SI standard unit of time
SI units The set of standard units agreed on by scientists throughout the world, based on the metric system.
significant figures the non-place-holding digits in a measurement
solution map a visual outline that shows the strategic route required to solve a problem.
units agreed-on quantities used to report experimental measurements. Very vital in chemistry.
volume a measure of space.
Created by: droesener