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Medical Ethics

Introduction to Law and Ethics

Why Study Law and Ethics? To help you function at the highest possible professional level, providing competent, compassionate health care to patients > avoid legal entanglements that can threaten your ability to earn a living
health care practitioners Those who are trained to administer medical or health care to patients
litigious Prone to engage in lawsuits
The rights, responsibilities, and concerns of health care consumers understand how legal and ethical issues affect the patients they treat
The legal and ethical issues facing society, patients, and health care practitioners as the world changes Patients with infectious diseases fight to retain their right to confidentiality
The impact of rising costs on the laws and ethics of health care delivery Rising costs, both of health care insurance and of medical treatment in general, lead to questions concerning access to health care services
plaintiff The person bringing charges in a lawsuit
defendant The person or party against whom criminal or civil charges are brought in a lawsuit
liable Legally responsible or obligated
precedent Decisions made by judges in the various courts that become rule of law and apply to future cases
summary judgment A decision made by a court in a lawsuit in response to a motion that pleads there is no basis for a trial
fraud or intentional deceit Dishonest or deceitful practices in depriving, or attempting to deprive, another of his or her rights
law Rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authority
Enforcement of laws made possible by penalties for disobedience, which are decided by a court of law or are mandatory as written into the law.
ethics Standards of behavior, developed as a result of one's concept of right and wrong
moral values One's personal concept of right and wrong, formed through the influence of the family, culture, and society
code of ethics A list of principles intended to govern behavior—here, the behavior of those entrusted with providing care to the sick
ethics guidelines Publications that detail a wide variety of ethical situations that professionals might face in their work
code of Hammurabi written by the Babylonians around 2250 B.C.E discussed the conduct expected of physicians at that time, including fees that could be charged
Hippocratic oath A pledge for physicians, influenced by the practices of the Greek physician Hippocrates
Percival's Medical Ethics written by the English physician and philosopher Thomas Percival in 1803, become the definitive guide for a physician's professional conduct
American Medical Association Principles code of ethics for members of the American Medical Association, written in 1847 (currently called the American Medical Association Principles of Medical Ethics)
AMA and the AAMA are accused of unethical conduct subject to peer council review and may be censured by the organization
bioethics discipline dealing with the ethical implications of biological research methods and results, especially in medicine
medical ethicist or bioethicist Specialists who consult with physicians, researchers, and others to help them make difficult ethical decisions regarding patient care.
ethics committee individuals who are involved in a patient's care, including health care practitioners, family members, clergy, and others, with the purpose of reviewing ethical issues
etiquette Standards of behavior considered to be good manners among members of a profession as they function as individuals in society
protocol code prescribing correct behavior in a specific situation, such as a situation arising in a medical office
courtesy The practice of good manners
compassion identification with and understanding of another's situation, feelings, and motives
common sense Sound practical judgment.
People skills Tact The ability to impart information clearly and accurately. The ability to keep information confidential. The ability to leave private concerns at home. Trustworthiness and a sense of responsibility
Technical skills Computer literacy. An aptitude for working with the hands. Ability to document well. Ability to think critically
critical thinking ability to think analytically, using fewer emotions and more rationality
critical thinking Identify and clarify the problem. Gather information. Evaluate the evidence. Consider alternatives and implications. Choose and implement the best alternative
basic aspects of law Laws are considered the minimum standard necessary to keep society functioning. Many laws govern the health care professions, including criminal and civil statutes and medical practice acts
Created by: baybro9933