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Bio Lab Practical I

QuestionAnswer
which tissues are unique to animals? nervous and muscle
diploblastic 2 germ layers (ecto and endo)
triploblastic 3 germ layers (ecto, meso, and endo)
acoelomate no body cavity
pseudocoelomate body cavity partially lined with mesoderm
coelomate body cavity completely lined with mesoderm
functions of body cavities acts as circulatory system, provides support, allows space for organs
four characteristics of chordates notochord, dorsal/hollow nerve cord, pharyngeal slits or clefts, and muscular/post-anal support
madreportite found in starfish and allows for entry of water into the water vascular system
non-vascular plants mosses, liverworts, and hornworts
all non-vascular plants are...? bryophytes
vascular plants subtypes seedless and seed
seedless plants club mosses, ferns, horsetails, and whisk ferns
seed plants subtypes gymnosperms and angiosperms
gymnosperms "naked seeds", conifers, pines, cycads, ginkgo, and gnetae
angiosperms "seeds with fruit", "flowering plants"
angiosperms subtypes monocots and dicots
vascular bundles xylem (water and minerals) and phloem (food)
plants (oldest to newest) algae, bryophytes (mosses), ferns (seedless), gymnosperms, and angiosperms
thallus plant body
rhizoids rootlike extensions on lower surface
pores openings for gas exchange
gemmae cups on upper surface of thallus and contains discs of green tissue called gammae
bryophytes dominant stage gametophyte
megaspores female
microspores male
carpel female
stamen male
fruit has... an ovary and the fruit protects the seed
double fertilization 3n endosperm - only occurs in angiosperms
3 tissue types in mature plants dermal, ground, vascular
dermal tissue "epidermis", has stoma for gas exchange
ground tissue most of plant body and is the main location for photosynthesis and carb storage
3 types of ground tissue parenchyma (photosynthesis, support, storage of minerals), collenchyma (flexible support), sclerenchyma (strength and support)
types of vascular tissue xylem (water) and phloem (sugar)
xylem tracheids and vessel elements
phloem sleeve-tube members and companion cells
meristematic tissue "rapidly growing tissue", primary (tip of shoot and root), vascular (between phloem and xylum), pericycle
fruit subtypes simple (1 ovary) and compound (more than one ovary)
simple fruit compounds dry and fleshy
dry fruit subtypes fruits with 1 seed and fruits with 2+ seeds
fruits with 1 seed achene and nut
fruits with 2+ seeds capsule, legume, and follicle
fleshy fruit substypes ovary with 1 seed and ovary with many seeds
ovary with 1 seed drupe, cherry
ovary with many seeds berry, ponae, apple
compound fruits fruits formed from ovaries of many flowers and several ovaries in one flower, multiple fruit aggregate, pineapple, strawberry, and raspberry
coniferophyta pines and cedars - cones and needle leaves
ginkgophyta maidenhair tree - broad fan shaped leaves with seeds borne singly on stalks
cycdophyta sago palm and cycads - palmlike leaves with short woody sterns
gnetophyta Mormon tea - stem and no leaves (desert plant)
sweet potato root
white potato stem (buds present)
celery leaf petiole
carrots root
broccoli flowers and stems
asparagus stems
eggplant fruit
lettuce leaves
onion leaves
Created by: studystack_0325