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History study guide

QuestionAnswer
FDR main goal in fighting the depression Relieve the unemployed and poor, recovery of the economy and the reform of the financial system.
Years for the Great Depression The Great Depression started in 1929 and ended in 1939.
Causes of the Great Depression The causes were the stock market crash, banking panics, gold standard, and decreased international lending and tariffs.
New deal The new deal was a series of programs and projects instituted during the Great Depression by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Shanty towns A deprived area on the outskirts of a town consisting of large numbers of crude dwellings.
What event brought an end to the Great Depression The Great Depression was ended by the sharp reductions in spending.
Roosevelt's fireside chats impact The impact it had was huge because it reassured Americans who were in bad conditions due to the Great Depression.
Why did voters vote for Roosevelt over Hoover? Franklin Roosevelt won over Hoover because he gained the trust of many people.
Why was the New Deal a turning point in U.S history? It was certainly successful in both short-term relief, and in implementing long-term structural reform.
Holocaust The holocaust was a genocide during WWll which Nazi Germany killed millions of jews.
How many jews were killed during the holocaust? 6 million jews were murdered.
Other groups that were killed during the Holocaust Gypsies were killed.
What religious group was killed by Germans in concentration camps? People who were catholics would be targeted.
Under German rule, before concentration camps, where were jews forced to live? They were placed in ghettos
Genocide The deliberate killing of of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
What happened to Hitler in the end? He committed suicide by a gunshot to the head.
In addition to to the gas chambers, how did Nazi's kill off the jews? Forced labor, starvation and torture
During the holocaust, how were families separated? They would be split up in different places
Holocaust and annihilation The final solution was the complete annihilation of jews.
What is the name for the laws that began to take away the rights of German jews? The Nuremberg Race laws
Democracy A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
Fascism Fascism is a forcible suppression of opposition and strong regimentation of society and the economy.
Blitzkrig An intense military campaign intended to bring about a swift victory.
Kamikaze A Japanese aircraft loaded with explosives and making a deliberate suicidal crash on an enemy target.
Axis powers The axis powers involved Germany, Japan and Italy against their allies.
Why did United States decide to stay isolated from foreign affairs when WWll started? America felt that it was a mistake to get involved with WWl and they were dealing with the Great Depression.
Pearl Harbor events Pear harbor navy base was stricked by Japanese
Why did Great Britain and France declare war on Germany? Germany invaded Poland
What event caused the U.S to enter WWll? The attack on Pearl Harbor
Under what plan did the U.S provided massive financial aid to rebuild economies and prevent the spread of communism? The Marshall plan
Capitalist, communist, dictatorial and socialist meanings and which countries follow which ideals? Capitalism is a country which the economic and political system is controlled by private owners for profit. A dictator is someone who takes over complete power and socialism is the production of goods and services shared.
Baby boom A temporary marked increase in the birth rate, especially the one following World War II.
Similarities between the U.S and the Soviet Union during the Cold War Both nations fear each other and both tried to influence other nations to share their views. The U.S experienced freedom, economic prosperity, and anxiety over communism.
Cold war time period The cold war started in 1947 and lasted till 1991.
Cuban Missile Crisis It was a direct feud with the U.S and the Soviet Union where they came close to nuclear conflict.
A state of tension between the U.S and the Soviet Union without actual fighting. 1945 till 1990
The war that created divisiveness among Americans throughout the 1960's. The Vietnam war.
How did women help in WWll? Women began working in factories producing munitions, building ships, aeroplanes and other positions offered.
What kind of policy did Martin Luther King jr. and other members of SCLC encouraged. Non violent protest
Freedom riders Civil rights activists who rode interstate buses to stop racial segregation in the South.
Malcom X He was an American Muslim minister who was a human rights activist.
Sit ins A form of protest in which demonstrators occupy a place, refusing to leave until their demands are met.
Civil rights and Martin Luther King Jr Martin Luther King was the one who led the civil rights movement.
Vietnamization (in the Vietnam War) the US policy of withdrawing its troops and transferring the responsibility and direction of the war effort to the government of South Vietnam.
Mccarthyism A campaign against alleged communists in the US government and other institutions.
The highway act of 1956 An act to authorize appropriations for continuing the construction of highways.
The two nations divided at the 38th parallel North and South Korea.
Watergate A break-in by five men at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C.
How did Truman justify the dropping the atomic bomb on Japan. Truman said the US used the bombs "against those who attacked us without warning at Pearl Harbor".
The Manhattan project Production of the first nuclear weapon.
Created by: justice_01