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chpt 12 quiz 1

social studies vocab

manifest destiny the belief that Americans had in the first half of the 1800's that the US borders should run from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans. By having this belief, Americans made it happen.
rendezvous a meeting usually held once a year where mountain men and fur trappers, exchange goods with fur traders.
Stephen Austin he recruited 300 Americans to settle in Texas with the permission of the Mexican government , who owned Texas at the time
Sam Houston when Texas gained its independence from Mexico, he became the first president of the Republic of Texas
battle of the Alamo a fierce battle in San Antonio, Texas where General Santa Anna's Mexican army defeated and killed American Defenders like Davy Crockett and Jim Bowie who were trying to win Texan independence from Mexico "Remember the Alamo"
Lone Star Republic the nickname for Texas after it won independence from Mexico and before it became a state in the US
Annex to add territory to a nation by taking it
cede one country gives up land to another by signing a treaty
James K. Polk US President who believed in our Manifest Destiny to expand from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. He convinced Congress to declare war on Mexico and almost went to war with Britain over the Oregon Region
Mexican American War war fought between Mexico and the US because President Polk was determined to get California and New Mexico from Mexico.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Ended the Mexican American War. Mexico ceded the area called the Mexican Cession to the US who paid Mexico 15 million dollars.
Mexican Cession land Mexico ceded to the US after the Mexican American War. This territory was later divided into six US states.
Forty-Niners people who went to California during the gold rush
viglante people who take the law into their own hands
emigrant person who leaves a country or region to live elsewhere
Bear Flag Republic the nickname for California after it won independence from Mexico and before it became a state in the US
Mormons a religious group started in Palmyra, NY by Joseph Smith. Official name is the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
Joseph Smith He founded the Mormon Church in 1830. He and his followers were forced to move westward. He was killed in Missouri
Brigham Young He became leader of the Mormons upon the death of the founder and moved the Mormons to Utah
Created by: hms204



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