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Chapter 19

Human Impact and Technology

TermDefinition
pollution anything added to the environment that is harmful to living things
chemical runoff the chemical waste produced on land that enters water sources
eutrophication a process in which chemical runoff causes algae growth that chokes out other organisms in a water ecosystem
acid rain Rain that is caused by pollution and is harmful to organisms because it is acidic
greenhouse effect the warming of the atmosphere because of trapped heat energy from the sun
ozone a form of oxygen
land development the changes people make to natural land for farming or living space
deforestation the removal of forest ecosystems for land development
introduced species a species taken from its natural ecosystem and placed in another ecosystem
conservation biology the science of using ecological information to help reduce damage to the environment
landfill an area where trash is collected and stored
recycling using waste products to create new products
emission a chemical waste given off as a gas
reserve a protected area that cannot be used for building growth
landscape ecology using ecological information to help balance human and environmental needs
recovery plan a plan using scientific knowledge to help bring endangered species back from possible extinction
biodiversity the total of all life on the earth
geology the study of nonliving parts of the earth
biogeology the study of the interaction between living and nonliving parts of the environment
engineering the use of math and science to create methods and machines to help solve problems of make life better
engineer a person who works in engineering
technology any device, machine, or method designed to solve a human problem or question
medical technology any technology designed to solve a medical problem
patent a government notice of ownership for a piece of technology
scientific journal a scientific magazine
Created by: mrspuffisphat21