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Sci7 Kunde

Ch5 test

QuestionAnswer
Heterozygous: a plant with one dominant and one recessive trait
Homozygous: a plant with 2 recessive traits
Genotype: formed from both inherited alleles
probability: chance that something will happen
allele: you get one of these from your mom and one from your dad
dominate: trait that is represented by a Capital letter; trait observed in the first generation when parents that have different traits are bred
Punnett square: square used to organize possible offspring combinations
phenotype organism's appearance
One thing Gregor Mendel realized from his experiments: each trait had two sets of instructions, one from each parent
Different forms of a gene that decides a characteristic: alleles
Mendel's discovery about recessive traits: recessive traits reappear in the second generation
homologous chromosomes: chromosomes that carry the same sets of genes
A trait is: different forms of a characteristic
Self-pollinating plant: it fertilizes itself
Punnett square: a square divided into four sections that have letters that represent alleles form one parent along the top and one along the side (be able to draw one; know the traits, dominant trait, and genotype)
Attached earlobes are an: inherited trait
Riding a bike is an: acquired trait
Hitchhikers thumb is an: inherited trait
Skin color is: BOTH inherited and acquired - because it can be affected by the environment
Acquired trait: a non-heritable trait; happens after birth
Created by: maplelakesped