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Casteel 4.4 & 4.5

plants and animals

QuestionAnswer
plants with seeds (trees, flowers, green plants)
plants with spores (ferns and mosses)
flower makes the seeds and attracts birds and bees (pollination)
stem provides support and allows for the movement of water and nutrients through the plant. plant.
leaves The chlorophyll in the __________________ absorbs the sunlight and makes food. This is where photosynthesis occurs.
roots anchor the plant and take in water and nutrients from the soil.
petal the colorful scented part of the flower that attracts birds and bees so that pollination can occur
sepal the small leaves that protect the developing flower
stamen the male part of the flower involved in reproduction
pollen the orange/yellow dusty substance produced by the stamen (which is carried around during pollination)
seeds (ovules) these form in the ovary after being fertilized by the pollen; grow into plants
pistil the female part of the flower involved in reproduction
stigma the sticky uppermost part of the pistil
pollination the transfer of pollen from the stamen to the stigma
dormancy the period of suspended life process in plants brought on by change in the environment.
chlorophyll the green pigment (color) in the plant. It is used during photosynthesis to make food for the plant.
structural adaptations Physical attributes that help animals meet a life need. Examples- camouflage, monkey's tail and turtle shell.
behavioral adaptations certain types of activities animals perform, which help them meet a life need. Examples- migration and hibernation.
habitat the place in which an animal or plant naturally lives. Remember that an animal or plant needs food, water, shelter, and space to live. The size of it depends on the organism's need.
organism any living thing
ecosystem the ways living things interact with other living and non-living things
community a group of organisms that share an environment
life cycle the various stages of life (egg, tadpole, frog)
niche is the function (job) that an organism performs in the food web of that community.
Created by: lkcasteel