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Unit 5 - Miss Kimble

Life Science

Ecosystem All living and nonliving things in an environment
Environment The surroundings of an organism
Population All of the same type of organisms living in the same environment
Role The function or part played by an organism
Benefit A good result gained from something
Living/Biotic Something that grows, changes, and makes other living things (animals, people, plants, etc.)
Non Living/Abiotic An object that is not alive (rock, soil, water, etc.)
Organism Any living thing
Consumer Organisms that feed on other things because they can't make their own food
Decomposer An organism that breaks down dead materials and wastes so it is recycled back into the land (bacteria, fungus, etc.)
Producer An organism that makes its own food through photosynthesis
Predator An organism that hunts other animals for food
Prey An organism that is hunted by other animals
Food Chain The flow of energy on the earth; beginning with the sun then producers, then consumers
Food Web Many food chains that tie together in an ecosystem
Compete A contest between organisms for food, territory, or other resources
Inherited Trait A trait passed from parents to offspring (eye color, hair color, height)
Learned Behavior Behavior that is taught or gained through experience (animal tricks, riding a bike, reading a book)
Instinct A behavior an animal does without being taught (migration, hibernation, birds building a nest)
Adaptation Helps organisms survive. Can be a physical trait (sharp teeth or talons) or learned behavior (burrowing into a hole)
Structure A body part that does a certain "job" for an organism
Offspring The young of a person, animal, or plant
Life Cycle The sequence of stages or changes in the life of an organism
Created by: emkim



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