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Ancient Greece

TermDefinition
colonies lands that are controlled by another nation
Mediterranean Sea body of water that separates Europe and Africa
Black Sea a sea between Europe and Asia
Asia Minor Modern day Turkey
Macedonia An ancient kingdom north of Greece, whose ruler Philip II conquered Greece in 338 BC
Mt. Olympus Tallest mountain in Greece, where Greek Gods lived
Crete largest Greek island in the Mediterranean
Aegean Sea body of water by Mediterranean Sea that touches the borders of Greece and Asia Minor. It also has many islands in it, including Crete.
Peloponnesus the southern peninsula of Greece
Ionian Sea the body of water to the west of Greece
Adriatic Sea Sea on the eastern side of Italy
City-states a city that with its surrounding territory forms an independent state.
Monarchy a government ruled by a king or queen
Oligarchy a government ruled by a few powerful people
Tyranny a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator
Democracy a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Assembly a group of citizens, in an ancient Greek democracy, with the power to pass laws
Aristocrat a member of a rich and powerful family
Athens the capital and largest city-state in Greece
Sparta Greek city-state that was ruled by an oligarchy, focused on military, used slaves for agriculture, discouraged the arts
Helots Sparta slaves
Agora the marketplace in ancient Greece
Persian Empire a major empire that expanded from the Iranian plateau to incorporate the Middle East from Egypt to India; flourished from around 550 to 330 BCE
King Darius king of Persia who tried to invade Greece but was defeated.
Persian Wars a series of wars between the Greeks (mainly Athens) and the Persians in which the Greeks were usually victorious.
Xerxes son of Darius; became Persian king. He vowed revenge on the Athenians. He invaded Greece with 180,000 troops in 480 BCE.
Acropolis Greek for "high city" the chief temples of the city were located here.
Parthenon a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena
Philosopher a person who studies the universe and humans' place in it
Olympics Greek athletic competitions to celebrate the Gods and feed city-state rivalries
Plato Socrates' most well known pupil. Founded a philosophical academy in Athens.
Theater A place where people present plays
Aristotle A Greek Philosopher, taught Alexander the Great, started a famous school, studied with Plato
Socrates Greek philosopher; Socratic method--questioning; sentenced to death for corrupting Athens youth
Peloponnesian War conflict between Athens and Sparta
Alexander the Great King of Macedonia who conquered Greece, Egypt and Persia.
Hellenistic Greek-like
Phalanx A military formation of foot soldiers armed with spears and shields
Geometry mathematics dealing with lines, angles, surfaces, and solids-created by the Athenians
Hippocrates "Founder of Medicine" during the golden age in Greece
Astronomy the study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
Homer a Greek poet, author of the Iliad and the Odyssey
Epic a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
Iliad and Odyssey Greek epic poems attributed to Homer; defined relations of gods and humans that shaped Greek mythology
Created by: msbishop17!