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Casteel 5th Review

TermDefinition
quantitative This type of measurement will include some kind of number (quantity)
qualitative The type of measurement will include some kind of description (quality)
constants In an experiment, the scientist will make sure some things don't change. These are called:
independent variable In an experiment, the thing the scientist changes on purpose is called the:
dependent variable In an experiment, the thing that changes or is measured is the:
frequency A sound wave with MANY waves (short wavelengths) has a high:
volume A sound wave with a HIGH amplitude will have a high:
vibrate In order for sound to occur, something must:
vacuum Sound cannot occur in a place with NO matter. This is a:
compression Sound travels in a __________________ wave.
solids Because of the way molecules are packed, sound travels fastest through:
gases Because of the way molecules are packed, sound travels slowest through:
echolocation Some animals like bats and dolphins use a type of sonar called:
sonar Humans use _________ to bounce sound waves off the ocean floor.
red Which color of visible light has the longest wavelength?
violet Which color of visible light has the shortest wavelength?
refracted A pencil in a glass of water looks broken because the light waves are being bent or :
reflect Mirrors are smooth and shiny so they __________ light.
opaque A material, like a brick wall, that does not allow any light to pass through is
translucent A material, like wax paper, that allows some light through but not all is:
transparent A material, like glass, that allows all light through is:
protons & neutrons The nucleus of an atom contains:
positive The proton has a _____________ charge.
negative The electron has a _____________ charge.
neutron The ____________ has no charge (is neutral).
molecule A ___________ is the smallest bit of a compound that can exist.
compound A ____________ is two or more elements chemically bonded together to make an new substance.
salt The compound NaCl is better known as
water The compound H20 is better known as
carbon dioxide The compound CO2 is better known as
mixtures Salad and trail mix are combinations without chemical bonds, so they are:
solution When something dissolves, a special mixture called a __________ is formed.
dissolved Lemonade and saltwater are solutions because something has been:
heat To change a substance from one state to another you must ADD or TAKE AWAY:
cells All living things are made of:
nucleus The cells control center (brain)
vacuole The cells storage center:
cytoplasm The jelly-like substance inside the cell
cell membrane The thin outer covering that lets certain things in and out of the cell (the bouncer)
chloroplast In a plant cell, the _________ is where photosynthesis take place.
cell wall In a plant cell, the _____ ____ provide support and protection.
bacteria T The simplest living organisms, the ________ , belong to Kingdon Monera.
Protista The single-celled organisms usually found in pond water belong to Kingdom:
Fungi Mushrooms, mold, mildew, and yeast all belong to Kingdom:
backbone Vertebrates are animals with a :
invertebrates ___________ are animals, like insects and spiders, that do not have a backbone.
vascular Plants that can grow up off the ground because they have tubes and ducts to transport water and nutrients are called _______ plants.
nonvascular Plants like moss, kelp, and liverworts that do NOT have tubes and ducts are called ___________ plants.
salinity ___________ describes the saltiness of the ocean.
continental shelf Most life in the ocean is found above the _________ _______.
sunlight There is abundant life above the continental shelf because _____ reaches to the bottom.
continental slope he steep drop-off from the shelf to the abyssal plain is called the:
continental rise The bump at the bottom of the continental slope is called the ____ ______. It is there because of underwater landslides.
abyssal plain The ______ _______ is the deep, flat part of the ocean floor.
pressure As you go deeper into the ocean, water _________ increases.
temperature As you go deeper into ocean, light and water ___________ decreases.
Gulf Stream The _______ ________ current is a warm water current that travels across the Atlantic Ocean.
currents River-like movements of water in the ocean are called _______. They can be cold or warm depending on where they started.
rock cycle The _____ ______ is the very slow process by which rocks are broken down and formed.
magma Igneous rocks come from cooled ____________.
igneous Granite, basalt, and pumice are all ___________ rocks.
fossil Sedimentary rocks form in layers and might have a ____________ embedded in it.
oldest The ________ fossil are always on the bottom layer of rock.
sedimentary Sandstone and limestone are both _____________ rocks.
pressure Metamorphic rocks are formed by heat and ___________.
metamorphic Marble and slate are both _____________ rocks.
inner core The innermost layer of the Earth is the:
solid The inner core is made of _________ iron and nickel.
liquid The outer core is made of ___________ iron and nickel.
mantle The ___________ is just below the crust and is made up of melted (molten) rock.
crust The _________ is the thin, rocky outer layer of the Earth.
apart A divergent boundary is a place where two of Earth's plates are moving :
together A convergent boundary is a place where two of Earth's plates are moving:
sliding past A transform boundary is where two of Earth's plates are _________ ______ each other.
weathering When rocks are broken down by water, wind, and gravity this is called:
erosion When smaller rocks are washed away and moved by water and wind, this is called:
Created by: lkcasteel