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Chapter 4

Life in the Colonies

TermDefinition
subsistence farming type of farming practiced in New England
rice most profitable cash crop in South Carolina
economic resource this is how England viewed the North American colonies
militia a group of civilians trained to fight in emergencies
Seven Years' War a war between France and Britain
Great Awakening a religious revival that swept through the colonies
New England the hub of the shipping trade in North America
enslaved Africans labor for the Southern rice fields
backcountry area in the Southern colonies that consisted of small fields on hilly terrain
mercantilism theory that holds that a nation's power depended on expanding its trade and wealth
Albany Plan of Union plan that called for one general government for all the American colonies
Treaty of Paris marked the end of France's power in North America
Middle Passage the leg of the triangular trade route in which enslaved Africans were shipped to the West Indies
Pontiac Native American chief that declared war on the English because he felt the British settlers threatened the Native American way of life
shipbuilding important manufacturing development in colonial America primarily in New England
fur trapping important trade development in colonial America
Navigation Acts a group of acts that restricted trade, manufacturing, and shipping in the colonies
Magna Carta document signed by England's King John that limited the power of the government
slave codes strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of enslaved Africans
overseers hired by the plantation owner to make sure slaves were working hard
diversity variety of cultural groups in the colonies
export to sell abroad
import to buy from a foreign country
smuggling to trade illegally
charter colonies colonies established by settlers who had been given a charter
royal colonies colonies directly controlled by a governor and council appointed by the King
proprietary colonies colonies ruled by proprietors
Enlightenment a movement that spread the idea that knowledge, reason, and science could improve society
Iroquois Confederacy powerful group of Native Americans
Fort Necessity small post established by George Washington in the Ohio river valley to try and keep the French off British claimed territory.
Proclamation of 1763 King George III declared that the Appalachian Mountains were the temporary western boundary for the colonies