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Chapter 16

Behavioral Biology

TermDefinition
behavior the way an organism acts
behavioral biology the study of the behavior of living things
ethologist a scientist who studies the behavior of animals
internal stimulus a stimulus that occurs inside of an organism
external stimulus a stimulus that occurs outside of an organism
innate behavior a behavior that is present at birth
fixed action pattern behavior a behavior that always occurs the same way
learned behavior a behavior that results from experience
simulate to make the same conditions as the natural or original conditions
parental care behavior the caring for offspring by a parent
courtship behavior a behavior that helps attract a mate
defensive behavior a behavior to avoid or protect against predators
predator an organism that eats another organism
prey an organism that is eaten by another organism
warning coloration the bright colors or patterns on animals that scare off predators
instinct a pattern of innate behavior
mimicry a method of defense in which a species looks like another poisonous or dangerous species
aggressive behavior a behavior that warns predators not to approach
territorial behavior a behavior that claims and defends an area
releaser a stimulus that brings out a certain behavior in another animal
spatial learning learning by recognizing features
imprinting learning in which an animal bonds with the first object it sees
observational learning learning by watching or listening to another animal
landmark an object used to mark a location or position
communication sending information
sociobiologist a scientist who studies ow animals communicate and interact with each other
social behavior an interaction between two or more animals
cooperation a type of social behavior in which two or more individuals work or act together
agonistic interaction a type of social behavior in which individuals have contests and show aggressive behavior
matched submission a type of social behavior in which a threatened animal yields to a dominant animal
dominant having the most influence or control
signal a behavior that causes a change in the behavior of another animal
scent having a smell or odor
competitor an animal that tries to get the same resources as another animal
metacommunication a signal that changes the meaning of the next set of signals
pheromone a chemical signal produced by an animal
cognition knowledge
Created by: mrspuffisphat21
 

 



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