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China Vocabulary

TermDefinition
East China Sea body of water south of Japan and east of China
Gobi Desert a desert located in northern China and southeast Mongolia
North China Plain a region in the Huang He River valley, where Chinese civilization began
South China Sea sea south of the Yangtze river, east of the Mekong river, west of the Pacific ocean
Tibetan Plateau a rocky region in the west of China
Yellow Sea body of water between south Korea and China, south of the Korean bay
Huang He River Valley earliest Chinese settlement
Clan group of families with a common ancestor
Ancestor A relative who lived in the past
Oracle Bones animal bones carved with written characters which were used for telling the future
Civil Servant a person who works for the government
Confuciamism a philosophy that adheres to the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. It shows the way to ensure a stable government and an orderly society in the present world and stresses a moral code of conduct
Confucius A Chinese philosopher created one of the most influential philosophies in Chinese history.
Yin the receptive aspect of the universe
Daoism philosophical system developed by Lao-Tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
Lao Tze Chinese philosopher credited with creating Daoism.
Yang the active aspect of reality that expresses itself in speech, light and heat
Legalism a Chinese philosophy that was devoted to strengthen and expand the state through increased agricultural work and military service.
Han Fei Founder of Legalism
War Lord strong person who has taken over a certain area and rules it himself, not loyal to the king
Mandate of Heaven a political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
Feudalism A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service and protection of the people who live on the land
Philosophy A system of beliefs and values
Qin 1st unified imperial Chinese dynasty
Shihuangdi Chinese emperor who founded the Qin dynasty and unified China wit ha standardized system of writing and money; his tomb contained the famous "Terra-Cotta army"
The Great Wall of China World's longest man made structure built to keep invaders from the north out of China, started by the Qin Dynasty, expanded by the Han Dynasaty
Isolation A policy of non participation in international economic and political relations.
Terra-Cotta Warriors A clay army set up to guard Shihuangdi's tomb in the afterlife
Han Dynasty Imperial dynasty that ruled China from 206 BCE to 221 BCE and expanded its boundaries and developed its bureaucracy
Calligraphy art of beautiful handwriting
Silk Road An ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean Sea and liking China with the Roman Empire
Market Economy Economic decisions are made by individuals or the open market
Command Economy An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy
Caravan A group of traders traveling together
Trade Routes Waterways, paths, and trails that traders used to move goods for exchange from one place to another
Bureaucracy A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials
Created by: msbishop17!