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Agean/Greek

TermDefinition
Aegean- Mycenaean The prehistoric art of the Late Helladic period in Greece, named after the citadel of Mycenae
Aegean- Wet Fresco —buon Painting on lime plaster either dry (dry fresco or secco fresco) or wet (true/buon fresco) The pigments are mixed w/ water & become chemically bound to the freshly laid lime plaster.
Aegean- Knossos (palace in Crete) Where “Bull-leaping” is located, depicts the Minoan ceremony of bull-leaping wh/ young men grasped the horns of a bull and vaulted onto its back
Aegean- Cyclopean (?Masonry?) ???a method of stone construction, named after the mythical Cyclops, using massive & irregular blocks without mortar, chara. of Bronze Age fortifications of Titans & other Mycenaean sites
Aegean- Repousse Formed in relief, by beating a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression on the face. The metal sheet is hammered into a hollow mold of wood or some other pliable material & finished w/ a graver
Greek Art - Humanism In the Renaissance, an emphasis on edu. & expanding knowledge (esp. Classical Entiquity), the exploration of ind. potential & a desire to excel, & a commitment to civic responsibility & moral duty
Greek Art - Barbarians Initially only referred to natives or people who didn’t speak Greek
Greek Art - Archaic Period The artistic style of 600-480 BCE. in Greece, characterized in part by the use of composite view for painted & relief figures, & of Egyptian stances for statues
Greek Art - Classical Period The art & culture of Ancient Greece between 480-323 BCE. Lowercase “classical” refers more generally to Greco-Roman art & culture
Greek Art - Hellenistic Period The term given to art & culture of the roughly 3 centuries between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE. & the death of queen Cleopatra in 30 BCE. (when Egypt became a Roman province).
Greek Vase Painting - Black Figure Technique In early Greek pottery, the silhouetting of dark figures against a light background of natural, reddish clay, w/ linear details incised through the silhouettes.
Greek Vase Painting - Red Figure Technique In LATER Greek pottery, the silhouetting of red figures against a black background, w/ painted linear details; the reverse of black-figure painting!
Greek Sculpture - Kouros “Young man,” an archaic Greek statue of a young man
Greek Sculpture - Kore “Young woman,” an archaic Greek statue of a young woman
Greek Sculpture - Archaic Smile The smile that appears on all archaic Greek statues from about 750-480 BCE. The smile is the archaic sculptures way is indicating that the person portrayed is alive!
Greek Sculpture - Contrapposto Position / “weight shift” The disposition of the human figure in which one pet is turned in opposition to another part creating a counter positioning of the body about its central axis
Greek Architecture - Acropolis “High city,” in Ancient Greece, usually the site of the city’s most important temple
Greek Architecture - Doric 1 of 2 systems (orders) for articulating the 3 units of elevation of a classical building - the platform, the colonnade, & the superstructure (entablature). Characterized by capitals w/ funnel shaped echinuses, columns w/out bases, frieze of triglyphs&met
Greek Architecture - Ionic The other Greek system (order) for articulating 3 units of the elevation & if a classical building; the platform, colonnade, & superstructure (entablature). Characterized by volutes, capitals, columns, & bases w/ an uninterrupted frieze
Greek Architecture - Corinthian (capital) More ornate than Doric/Ionic, consists of double row of acanthus leaves from which tendrils & flowers grow, wrapped around bell-shaped echinus **substitute for standard capital of Ionic order (not its own order)
Greek Architecture - Entablature The pet of a building above the columns & below the roof, consists of 3 parts (architrave, frieze, & pediment)
Greek Architecture - Capital The uppermost member of a column , serving as a transition from the shaft to the lintel. In classical architecture, the form of the capital varies w/ the order
Greek Architecture - Volute A spiral, scroll-like form characteristic of the Ancient Greek Ionic & Roman composite capital
Created by: lsh2180