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The Fertile Crescent

Ancient Mesopotamia

collection of ancient Babylonian laws Hammurabi's Code
many territories and people controlled by one ruler or government empire
extreme hunger caused by the scarcity of food famine
a belief in one god monotheism
a belief in many gods polytheism
a type of writing with wedges and lines carved on a clay tablet cuneiform
a person who writes down information or keeps records scribe
a community with its own seperate government and laws city-state
an amount that is more than the amount that is needed surplus
soil that is carried by flowing water and sinks to the bottom of a river silt
area between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers where the first civilizations emerged Fertile Crescent
the creation of artificial waterways to carry water from rivers to fields to water crops irrigation
buying, selling, or exchanging goods with a country or between countries trade
a period in history, following the Stone Age, when man made tools and weapons from a mixture of copper and tin Bronze Age
a person who studies prehistoric people and their cultures by looking at artifacts, inscriptions and monuments, etc. archaelogist
dwelling place for the gods, temple tower ziggurat
farming, including growing crops or raising livestock agriculture
a society with cities, a government, workers who specialize in certain jobs, social classes characterized by writing, art and culture civilization