Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Primitive Reflexes


Primitive developmental reflexes Automatic movements performed by an infant without conscious effort in response to a stimulus, typically integrated by early childhood and are a precursor to functional movement A persistent primitive reflex is indicative of a CNS dysfunction
Righting reaction Postural reflex present from approximately 3 months to 6 months of age that functions to orient the body in response to visual and vestibular input Examples include: • neck on body • body on body • body on head
Protective extension Postural response present at approximately 6 months of age and continues throughout life, characterized by reflexive straightening of the upper extremities in response to a loss of balance
Equilibrium Reaction Postural reflex present at approximately 6 months of age and continues throughout the life span Reflexive response to help maintain or recover balance, includes shifting the body to reorient to midline
Emotional Regulation Development: Neurophysiologic modulation phase 2-3 months of age, self soothe, routine sleep/wake cycles
Emotional Regulation Development: Sensorimotor modulation phase Phase of emotional regulation development, occurring between 3-9 months of age Characterized by: • enjoyment of sensorimotor play • sensory exploration • possible sensory modulation challenges
Emotional Regulation Development: Control phase Phase of emotional regulation development, occurring between 12-18 months of age Characterized by: • emerging awareness of social demands • varying levels of inhibition and compliance • self-initiated monitoring
Emotional Regulation Development: Self-Control phase Phase of emotional regulation development, occurring between 24-48 months of age Characterized by: • emerging sense of identity • demonstrated knowledge of social rules • minimal flexibility and adaptation to change
Emotional regulation development: Self-regulation phase Phase of emotional regulation development, occurring between 36 months of age and older Characterized by emerging: • flexibility to adapt to unexpected change • self-awareness • capacity to evaluate own behavior
Moro Reflex Rapidly drop infant's head backwards, arms will extend/ abduct 4-6months
rooting reflex Stoke corner of mouth, movement of head towards stimuli. integrate by 3-4 months
ATNR is a primitive reflex found in newborn humans that normally vanishes around 6-7 months of age. It is also known as the "fencing reflex" because of the characteristic position of the infant's arms and head, which resembles that of a fencer.
palmer reflex automatic flexing to grab fingers, integrate by 5-6 months
TLR basis for head mangagment and postural stability using major muscle groups, integrate by 3 1/2 years
Landau Reflex assist with postural development. integrate by 1 year
STNR prepare to crawl integrate 9-11 month. head flexes, limbs flex, head extends limbs extend.
Plantar grasp Apply pressure on the ball of the foot, toes flex. 9 months
Galant Hold in prone suspension and stroke spine, lateral flexion to side. 2 months
protective reflex Lowering child toward ground, they will extend arms/legs
Created by: crystalfmulligan
Popular Occupational Therapy sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards