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O - body struc revr

orange body structures reverse definitions

QuestionAnswer
ascites Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
edema Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissue space
adhesion Abnormal fibrosis band that holds or binds together tissues that are normally separated
mycosis Any fungal infection in or on the body
excision Biopsy in which the entire lesion is removed
incisional biopsy in which only a small sample of the lesion is removed
inflammation body defense against injury, infection, or allergy marked by redness, swelling, heat pain and sometimes, loss of function
organelle cellular structure that provides a specialized function
PET (positron emission tomography) computed tomography records the positrons (positive charged particles) emitted from a radiopharmaceutical to produce a cross-sectional image of metabolite
gangrene Death and decay of soft tissue, usually caused by circulatory obstruction, trauma or infection
infusion therapy Delivery of fluids directly into the blood stream via a vein for treating various disorders - also called IV therapy
cauterize Destruction of tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, or corrosive chemicals
inspection General observation of the patient as a whole progressing to specific body areas
palpation gentle application of the hands to a specific structure or body area to determine size, consistency, texture, symmetry, and tenderness of underlying strucutres
US (ultrasound) High-frequency sound waves to produce image
perforation hole that completely penetrates a structure
CT (computed tomography) imaging technique in which an x-ray emitter rotates around the area to be scanned and a computer measures the intensity of transmitted x-rays from different angles
I & D (incision and drainage) incision made to allow the free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a wound or cavity
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum, the serous membrane that surrounds the abdominal cavity and covers its organs
blood chemistry laboratory test, usually performed on serum, to evaluate if substance is in normal range
auscultation listening to the heart, bowel, and lungs with a stethoscope to assess presence and quality of sound
DNA molecule that holds genetic information capable of replicating and producing an exact copy whenever the cell divides
diaphragm muscular wall that divides the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity
CBC panel of blood tests use as a broad screening test for anemias, infections, and other diseases
sepsis pathological state, usually febrile, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the bloodstream
febrile pertaining to a fever; also called pyretic
suppuration producing or associated with the generation of pus
hernia protrusion of any organ through the structure that normally contains it
SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography) radiological technique that integrates computed tomography and a radioactive material (tracer) injected into the bloodstream to visualize blood flow to tissues and organs
ablation removal of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destruction, electrocautery, freezing, or radio frequency
biopsy removal of a representative tissue sample from a body site for microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis
resection removal of a part or all of a structure, organ, or tissue
curettage scraping of a body cavity with a spoon-shaped instrument called a curette
assessment techniques sequence of procedures designed to evaluate the health status of a patient
organ disease panels series of blood tests used to evaluate a specific organ (liver panel) or disease (anemia panel)
chromatin structural component of the nucleus, composed of nucleic acids and proteins
rupture sudden breaking or bursting or a structure or organ
metabolism sum of all physical and chemical changes that take place in a cell or an organism
anastomosis surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
revision surgical procedure used to replace or compensate for a previously implanted device or correct an undesirable result or effect of previous surgery
percussion tapping a structure with the hand or fingers to assess consistency and the presence of fluids within the underlying structure
nuclear scan technique in which a radioactive material, a tracer, is introduced into the body (inhaled, ingested, or injected) and a specialized camera (gamma camera) is used to produce images of organs and structures
fluoroscopy technique in which x-rays are directed through the body to a fluorescent screen that displays internal structures in continuous motions
radiography technique in which x-rays are passed through the body or area and captured on a film to generate an image; also called xray
MRI technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field, rather than an xray beam, to produce highly detailed, multiplanar, cross-sectional views of soft tissue
chromosome threadlike structures within the nucleus composed of DNA that carries hereditary information encoded in genes
laser surgery use of a high intensity laser light beam to remove diseased tissues, stop bleeding blood vessels, or for cosmetic purposed
endoscopy visual examination of a body cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope
Created by: alissamazereeuw