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Egypt Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Egyptian a person born or living in Egypt
Papyrus a paper like material made from reeds
Kush An African state that developed along the upper reaches of the Nile around 100 BCE; conquered Egypt and ruled it for several centuries
Nubia A civilization to the south of Egypt in the Nile Valley, noted for development of an alphabetic writing system and a major iron working industry by 500 BCE
Hebrew The name used by the Egyptians to describe the Israelites and related tribes. The language spoken by these people.
Nile The river that flows through Egypt into the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea This body of water separates Europe and Africa
Delta A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake
Cataract a large waterfall
Silt fine particles of fertile soil
Settlement A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants
Pharaoh A king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader
Pyramid Huge, triangular shaped burial tombs of Egyptian pharaohs built during the Old Kingdom
Old Kingdom the period fromabout 2700 to 2200 BCE in Egyptian history that began shortly after Egypt was unified
Dynasty A series of rulers from the same family
Middle Kingdom 2050 BCE-1800 BCE: A new dynasty reunited Egypt. Moved the capital to Thebes. Built irrigation projects and canals between Nile and Red Sea so Egyptian ships could trade along coasts of Arabian Peninsula and East Africa. Expanded Egyptian territory
Absolute Monarchy A government in which the king or queen has absolute power.
New Kingdom the period during which Egypt reached the height of its power and glory
Social Class a division of society based on social and economic status
Hieroglyph a symbol used in hieroglyphics, a system of writing developed in 3000 BCE in Egypt
Artisan A skilled craftsperson
Peasant a member of a class of persons who are small farmers or farm laborers of low social rank
Mummy the preserved body of a pharaoh or other powerful person in ancient Egypt
Canopic Jars Jars in which the ancient Egyptians preserved the internal organs of a deceased person usually for burial with the mummy
Judaism the monotheistic religion of the Jews
Israel A Jewish state on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean, both in antiquity and again founded in 1948 after centuries of Jewish diaspora
Torah First five books of the Hebrew Bible
Prophet a teacher believed to be inspired by God
Abraham shepherd who became the father of the Hebrew people after making a covenant with God
Plague a disease that spreads quickly and kills many people
Moses the man who helped the Israelites escape from Egypt
Exodus the Israelites returned to Canaan in a journey from slavery to freedom
King David united the tribes and continued the fight against the Philistines and other enemies
Ten Commandments A set of laws for responsible behavior, which according to the Bible, were given to Moses by God
King Solomon 2nd King of the kingdom of Israel who built a great temple in Jerusalem
Sabbath a day set apart to rest and honor God
Ethnic Group group of people who share common ancestry, language, religion, customs, or combinations of such characteristics
Covenant a religious agreement
Jewish Diaspora the scattering of the Jewish people outside their homeland beginning about 586 BCE
Synagogue Jewish house of worship
Monotheism belief in one God
Rabbi Jewish religious leader
Talmud a collection or work writings by early rabbis
Created by: msbishop17!