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Global 10

Have and Have Nots

Emmeline Pankhurst A british suffragist who used militant tactics to gain attention for the fight for women's right to vote. 1928= women suffrage US. Suffragists Industrial Revolution Hunger Strike
Suffrage Right to Vote Women's Rights Susan B Anthony, Rosa Parks, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Emmeline Pankhurst, Alexandra Kollontai
Urbanization The movement of people from rural areas to city areas; process by which cities grow Agricultural Revolution-- Industrial Revolution Industrialization Enclosure Slums-Tenements- Social Reform
Enclosure The process of taking over consolidating land formerly shared by peasant farmers rich landowners taking control of peasant land Agricultural Revolution--Industrial Revolution Peasants begin to migrate to cities Urabanization
Facsism Form of radical authoritarian characterized by dictorial power
Xenophobia Fear and distrust that is foreign and unknown
Poor Laws of 1884 A law passed by British Parliament with the intention to reduce the cost of looking after the poor as it stopped money going to the poor. The poor now had to go to a workhouse if they needed help physically beaten dirty living conditions no pay to stay
Tenement A random and often overcrowded apartment/ house especially in a poor section of a large city. Proletariats- working class enclosure and urbanization 6 toilets--360 people Industrial Revolution Unsafe Charles Dickens and Karl Marx
Bourgeoisie French word meaning middle class haves--owners of factories tend to exploit the proletariats pro of the Industrial Revolution (Standard of living increases) Karl Marx-predictions about the prolitariats
Exploitation The action or facts of treating someone unfairly in order to benefit from their work; making use/ benefiting from resources Have and have nots Proletariat worker vs bougeoisie middle class tenements/poor houses mass production Industrial Revolution
Richard Arkwright Inventor of water powered spinning wheel With his invention creates the modern factory factory system able to produce textiles at a much faster rate the machine itself can be reproduced Industrial Revolution Industrialization
Proletariat French word for workers or working class people have and have nots exploited by bourgieoisie tenements and slums faced dangerous and harsh working conditions children worked 12-16 hour days Charles Dickens, Karl Marx-push labor reforms
Charles Dickens An english writer whose novels depicted and criticized social injustices Christmas Carol and Oliver Twist Tried to illustrate injustices that proletariats faced harsh living conditions and working conditions
Labor Unions Organized association of workers formed to protect their rights and interests have and have nots as a result of exploitation child labor laws and reforms shorter work days higher wages breaks/lunch/dinner social reforms
Islamophobia Dislike or prejudice against Islam or Muslims
Mass Production The practice of producing goods/ products in large quantities Richard Arkwright steam engine (industry) decrease in the cost to the consumer--birth of the middle class and increase in the standard of living middle class= bourgeoisie
Industrial Revolution Period of change that started in Great Britain in the 1700's factories/ mass production seed drill; Jethro Tull James Watt: Steam engine Agricultural Revolution Coal, natural harbors rivers enclosure child labor, labor unions, capitalism, communism
Command Economy An economy in which production, investments, prices, incomes are determined by the government communism Karl Marx- Communist Manifesto Classless society--workers Government controls business dictatorship Cuba, China, North Korea
Market Economy An economic system in which decisions on production and consumption of goods and services are based on the voluntary exchange in markets capitalism money economy Adam Smith Wealth of Nations Lots of consumer choice
Capitalism an economic system where the goods and services are controlled by supply and demand Adam Smith- Wealth of Nation Private Ownership Individual is most important laissez-faire- economics
Adam Smith Wrote the Wealth of Nations (1776) where he argued that governments should be laissez-faire when dealing with economics division labor/wages/productivity supply and demand controls the market capitalism/ market/money economy
Communism is an economic system where the government is the most is the most important government controls the means of production command economy Karl Marx--Communist Manifesto Predicted proletariats overthrowing bouregoisie creating a classless society
Karl Marx Wrote the Communist Manifesto which examined the treatment of the proletariat predicted the proletariats would overthrow the bourgeoisie creating a classless society. social advocate social rights as a result of the abuses and exploitation of I.R.
Neo Nazi Post WWII militant social or political movement trying to revive Nazism
Steam Engine An invention of the Industrial Revolution in which energy of hot steam is converted to mechanical power scottish inventor James Watt Industrialization factory system increase in production better transportation steam ships- railroads
Sphere of Influence Area in which an outside power claims exclusive economic privelages industrialized controls another country's trading privalages imperialism IND VS. NON IND Want access to natural resources social darwinism
Social Darwinism The theory/ belief that individuals groups and people are subject to the same darwinian laws of selection used to justify imperialism, racism, injusticies, King Leopold II Henry Morton Stanley
Imperialism The domination by one country of the political, economic or cultural life of another country or region ind. VS. Nonind Industrial Revolution - capitalism scramble of Africa
Protectorate A form of imperialism where rulers of a nonindustrial nations were left in place but expected to follow European advice puppets-indirect rule Britain-India Britain-Egypt (Suez Canal) Costs less than Colony
Leopold II King of Belgium; conquers central Africa: Congo: Congo free state Rubber and Ivory= industrialization Henry Morton Stanley Goal- cheap labor and profit from natural resources social darwinism Scramble for Africa
Scramble for Africa Was the invasion, occupation, division, colonization and partition of African territory by European powers King Leopold II Berlin Conference Social Darwinism IND vs. NONIND Zulu Wars Boer Wars Imperialism
Berlin Conference Was a conference of 14 European countries that split up the continent of Africa "Scramble for Africa" King Leopold II and Henry Morton Stanley Partition of Africa Imperialism IND vs NONIND Wanted access to natural resources ethnocentrism
Henry Morton Stanley Was funded by King Leopold II to explore the interior of Africa Was a journalist who had no sympathy for Africans- social darwinism was asked to gain information about the Congo's resources Berlin Conference White Man's Burden Scramble for Africa
Cecil Rhodes Was a british colonial financer and political officer in south Africa supported British imperial interests Remember that you are english man and have consequently won a first prize in the lottery of life think political cartoon Berlin Conference
White Man's Burden A poem written by Rudyard Kipling that expresses the subject of colonization and imperialism social darwinism validated western interests in non industrialized nations 1/2 devil--> 1/2 child to serve your captives
Rudyard Kipling English poet, short story writer and novelist who was born in India White Man's Burden Jungle Book Social Darwinism Imperialism Given to Teddy Roosevelt and Philippines 1/2 devil- 1/2 child
British East India Company a trading company that developed in the 1600's; connected Britain with East Asia controlled India mostly until the Sepoy Mutiny in 1858 traded along the Indian Ocean Controlled prices of goods made a lot of money for Britain from Indian goods
Sepoy Hired Indian soldiers who served the British Empire supposed to protect the British interests hired by BEIC Mughal Dynasty Hindu and Muslim Sepoy Rebellion= 1858 Sparks the idea of an independent India
British Raj A british appointed ruler of India: British puppet Raj-Hindu word for rule Protectorate Imperialism Set to power at fall of Mughal Dynasty 1858-1947 1947-Independence Sepoys
Sepoy Rebellion A rebellion that took place a.a.r.o. a newly released gun whose cartridges were laced with cow and pig fat May 1857-June 1858 British Raj-BEIC is no longer in power- Queen Victoria Cows- sacred to Hindus Pigs= Frobidden to Muslims POV British- Sepoy
Mughal Empire Muslim Empire that was founded by Babur the Mongol a.a.r.o. Mongol expansion aka- Mongual Dynasty, Mongol Dynasty Taj Mahal- 22 years to rebuild roads were built, trade prospered and the arts flourished last dynasty of India British colonization
Created by: mbarkley