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World Geography Pop.

World Geo.- population growth and settlement patterns

Birthrate The number of live births per thousand population.
Fertility rate The avg. number of children a woman of child bearing years would have in her lifetime.
Mortality rate The number of deaths per thousand.
Infant mortality rate The number of deaths among infants under age one per thousand live births.
Rate of natural increase Determined by subtracting mortality rate from birth rate; population growth rate.
Population pyramid A graphic device that shows sex and age distribution.
Habitable lands Land or regions that have suitable climate and vegetation in which humans can live and work
Migration The movement of people from one area or region to another. This can include movement within a region (such as movement from rural to urban areas), or movement from one country to another (usually called immigration)
Push/pull factors The reasons for migrating. Push factors include famine, disease, war, and recurring natural hazards. Pull factors can include good climate, jobs/economic opportunity, and/or abundant natural resources.
Population density The average number of people who live in an area (usually reported in sq mile/km). Two terms are used to explain this factor: densely populated and sparsely populated.
Carrying capacity The number of people/animals a piece of land can support. Technology can raise the carrying capacity.
Urban geography The study of how people use space in cities.
Urban (cities) Centers of business, industry, and culture with high population density.
Rural Usually agricultural areas with sparse or less dense population.
Suburban (suburbs) Areas of moderate to dense population bordering on urban areas. The political units touching the borders of the central city.
Metropolitan area: megalopolis This includes the city and surrounding suburbs. Sometimes many metropolitan areas merge to form huge metropolitan areas called megalopolises.
Urbanization The process of population movement of population to cities.
Land use patterns Land use patterns include agricultural, residential, industrial, commercial, etc.
Created by: Echo44