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Unit 4

US History -Standard 9 & 10

QuestionAnswer
Abraham Lincoln 16th President -President during the Civil War
Battle for Atlanta Union destroyed railroad & manufacturing center of South; essentially marked end of war
Battle of Antietam First battle fought on Northern soil (Maryland); bloodiest day of war
Battle for Gettysburg Fought in Pennsylvania; Union victory; considered a turning point in the war; deadliest battle of war
Dred Scott Decision African Americans (even free) could not be U.S. citizens; slaves could not “earn” freedom by traveling to free states
Emancipation Proclamation Issued by Abraham Lincoln; declared all slaves living in Confederate states to be free
Fort Sumter In South Carolina; scene of the first battle of Civil War
habeas corpus Right of those arrested to be charged/brought before a judge; suspended during war by Lincoln
Jefferson Davis President of the Confederacy
John Brown Abolitionist; led raid on armory at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia
Kansas-Nebraska Act Determined new territories/states would use popular sovereignty to decide slavery issue; led to Bleeding Kansas
Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address Lincoln made clear that slavery would be abolished after the war; urged Northerners not to take revenge on South
Popular Sovereignty People vote to decide an issue (used for slavery/freedom during this time)
Robert E. Lee Head general of the Confederate Army; offered surrender to end the war
Siege of Vicksburg Union victory; allowed them to gain control of traffic on the Mississippi River & cut off Confederates in the West; turning point
Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson Confederate general; brilliant tactician who died in battle
Ulysses S. Grant Head general for the Union army; accepted Lee’s surrender
William Tecumseh Sherman Union general; led battle for Atlanta and subsequent March to the Sea
1876 Presidential Election Between Democrat Tilden & Republican Hayes; Hayes’ controversial victory effectively ended Reconstruction
Andrew Johnson’s Impeachment Republican president was at odds with Radical Republican Congress; House voted to impeach but Senate acquitted
Black Codes Laws passed in South; restricted the rights of African Americans
Compromise of 1877 After Hayes’ controversial victory; he agreed to end Reconstruction in exchange for winning the election
13th Amendment amendment that ended involuntary servitude or slavery
14th Amendment Granted citizenship to every person born in the US or of US citizens.
15th Amendment Granted voting rights to all MALE citizens of the US
Freedman’s Bureau Government organization; meant to assist former slaves in gaining education, jobs, legal rights, etc.
Ku Klux Klan Group of former Confederate soldiers/supporters; formed with the intent of disenfranchising black voters
Morehouse College Black college opened in Atlanta; taught ministers & teachers
Presidential Reconstruction Favored by Lincoln & Johnson; wanted to reunify the country quickly & did not seek to punish the South
Radical Republican Reconstruction Favored by Ulysses Grant & Congress; wanted to punish the South for seceding & sought to protect the rights of black citizens
Union United States of America; the North
Confederacy Confederate States of America; the South
Gettysburg Address Given by Lincoln while dedicating battlefield to fallen soldiers; short speech which improved morale of Northerners
Created by: sdevans