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Bio168

Module One- Introduction, Chemistry, Cells, and Tissues

Which of the following locations would you most likely find transitional epithelial cells? Lining of the urinary bladder
This compound is a major component of cell membranes. Phospholipids
During this phase of cell division the chromatids are pulled apart. Anaphase
The outermost layer of the skin is composed of what kind of tissue? Stratified squamous epithelium
The atoms within a molecule are held together by what kind of bonds? Polar covalent bond
This organelle contains digestive enzymes Lysosome
The storage form of glucose in humans and vertebrates is ? Glycogen
Blood is considered what type of tissue? Connective
After you eat lunch, nerve cells in your stomach respond to the distention resulting from food. They relay this information to the? Control center
Which type of tissue has both an apical surface and a basal surface? Epithelial
What shows physiology of structures in the body? PET
What is an example of a response that demonstrates negative feedback? Low blood calcium causes bone cells to break down bone tissue releasing the calcium into the blood.
In this phase of cell division the chromosomes appear and are visible under a light microscope. Prophase
DNA replication occurs during what part of the cell cycle? S Phase
This type of epithelial tissue is found lining the lungs, blood vessels, and capillaries is called. Simple squamous epithelium
Where does transcription take place inside of a cell? Nucleus
Microfilaments, microtubules, and intermediate filaments are all components of? Cytoskeleton
What type of bond is responsible for the cohesive properties and surface tension of water? Hydrogen bond
What tissue is found at the ends of long bone and the rings of the trachea? Hyaline cartilage
This organelle is the site of synthesis of proteins. Ribosome
What are the nonpolar parts of phospholipids? Fatty acid tails
When does crossing over occur? Prophase I
In this transport process, the energy from hydrolysis of ATP is used to drive substances across the membrane against their own concentration gradients. Active transport
During translation, this molecule carries the amino acid to the ribosome. tRNA
This tissue contains more extracellular matrix than cells Connective Tissue
Within this tissue the cells contain processes that generate and receive electrical signals Nervous Tissue
Cells shorten and cause movement with this type of tissue Muscle Tissue
Cells are close together and attached to a basement membrane with this type of tissue Epithelial Tissue
This type of tissue lines the nasal passages and trachea Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium
This tissue lines the bladder and ureter and is able to be stretched Transitional epithelium
Protects underlying tissue subject to abrasion, thickest of the epithelial tissue, found in the surface of the skin and the esophagus Stratified squamous epithelium
Found in tendons, packed with parallel bundles of collagen Dense Regular Connective Tissue
Contains lipid storing cells Adipose connective tissue
Found in the skin, packed with bundles of collagen fibers running in many different directions Dense irregular connective tissue
The most prominent type of cartilage is? Hyaline
What represents the selectively permeable membrane in the diffusion and osmosis experiment? Dialysis tubing
The field of view increases or decreases in size with increasing magnification? Decreases
What part of the microscope might you need to adjust to increase contrast of a specimen? Iris diaphragm
The "powerhouse" of the cell is called this. Mitochondria
Proteins are assembled on organelles called? Ribosomes
The diaphragm separates these cavities from each other. Thoracic and Abdominopelvic
The heart is surrounded by serous memebranes called parietal and visceral what? Pericardium
The carpus is ____________ to the brachium. Distal
The scapula is _______________ to the clavicle. Posterior
The sternum is _________________ to the vertebral column. Anterior
Pertaining to the anterior surface of the elbow region. Antecubital
Pertaining to the posterior surface of knee. Popliteal
Pertaining to the armpit Axillary
Pertaining to the groin where the thigh attaches to the pelvis Inguinal
The lungs are surrounded by serous membranes called parietal and visceral _______. Pleura
What is homeostasis? The state of steady internal conditions maintained by living things.
What is diffusion? The movement of particles from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
What is osmosis? Diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane down its concentration gradient from the side with more water concentration to the side of lower water.
What is hydrophobic? Hates water, doesn't mix with water
What is hydrophilic? Water-loving, compounds dissolve into water
A group of cells found together in the body Tissue
Primary tissues that make up a body are known as ? Epithelial, Muscle, Connective, and Nervous
A single layer of tissue is known as this type of epithelial tissue Simple
Two or more layers of tissue are known as this type of epithelial tissue Stratified
Single layer of irregular shaped tissue Pseudostratified
Type of tissue found in the ears Elastic
Type of tissue found in the nose Hyaline
Another term used to describe loose connective tissue Areolar
Tissue that lines the kidney Simple cuboidal epithelium
Tissue that is lines in the small intestine Simple Columnar Epithelium
Found in the trachea and has cilia Pseudostratified columnar epithelium
Stores energy in the form of fat Adipose
Farther from the midline of body Lateral
Above Superior
Nearer to the point of attachment of limb to trunk Proximal
Father from the surface of the body Deep
Created by: nettadanielle89