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Chapter 14

Nails

QuestionAnswer
Attached at the base of the nail, under the skin and inside the mantle is the Nail root
The active tissue that generates cells which harden as they move outward from the root to the nail is called the nail matrix
The lunula is the half-moon shape at the base of the nail that appears white due to a reflection of light at the point where the Nail matrix and nail bed meet
What is the pocket-like structure that holds the root and matrix of the nail Mantle
The skin underneath the free edge of nail is the Hyponychium
Jane accidentally closed the door on her finger. The nail on that finger eventually fell off and one year later that nail grew back distorted. What nail structure has possibly been damaged Matrix
Which nail structure contains many nerves and blood vessels for continuous nourishment Nail bed
Nail growth originates from active tissue known as the matrix located in the Mantle
The technical name for the disease referred to as ringworm or tinea of the nail is Onychomycosis
Which of the following nail diseases is NOT caused by fungus Onychatrophia
Onychoptosis refers to Shedding or falling of the nails
The loosening or separation of the nail is referred to as Onycholysis
Indented, vertical lines down the nail plate that may be caused by illness or injury are called Furrows
The disorder in which the nail grows into the edge of the nail grooves causing ingrown toenails is called Onychocryptosis
White spots on the nail caused by an injury in which a small separation occurs between the nail and the nail bed is called Leuconychia
A thickening of the nail plate or an abnormal outgrowth of the nail is called Onychauxis
Pterygium of the nail can occur at either the hypernichium or at the Eponychium
Swelling of the nail that is often associated with onychauxis is referred to as Onychophyma
What is the nail condition that can be indicated by a yellow-green spot turns black and begins to smell bad Bacterial infection
Generally which nail shape is the strongest Square
The product that reduces microbes on the skin is called a Antiseptic
Which of the following products stops bleeding when applied Styptic
What product may be used to remove nail stains Nail bleach
What is generally the wattage for a bulb found in a lamp used for close detail work 40 watt
How should implements involved in a blood spill incident be handled Clean and disinfect implements with a broad spectrum disinfectant
Which of the following steps describes the proper disinfecting procedures for implements following use in a manicure service Wash implements with soap and water then place in disinfectant
Avoid filing too deeply into the corners of the nails to prevent Ingrown nails
Which of the following is NOT a step used during a blood spill procedure Discard contaminated articles in open trash receptacles
Furrows Are verticle
Corrugations Horizontal and squiggly
When removing polish from the nails, work from Base to tip
In which direction should you shape a nail to prevent splitting From the outer edge toward the center
When performing a manicure, remove all traces of oil, lotion or cream Before applying polish
What should be used to remove excess polish from the skin An orange wood stick wrapped in cotton with tip saturated in polish remover
How should nail polish be applied Using light,sweeping strokes
During a pedicure this product is used to remove dead skin cells Sloughing lotion
Position toenail clippers Horizontally
Brittle nails or dry,aging hands could receive some benefits from Hot oil or cream manicuring
Nail drills should be used only on Artificial nails
Nail wraps can be made of fiberglass, linen, nylon and Silk
To ensure the adhesion of acrylic product to the nail which of following should be used Primer
An acrylic gel nail is cured by Placing it under an ultraviolet light
The three general product systems used to create artificial nails are acrylic, gels and Nail wraps
Under normal circumstances how long does new plate take to grow 4 to 6 months
Which of the following statements is NOT correct about gel nails The nail has a matte finish
Following an acrylic nail service, brushes should be cleaned In brush cleaner
Woven material that are applied to the natural nails or nails with tips to add strength are known as Nail wraps
Because vapors from nail products such as adhesives are flammable Smoking should not be allowed in the salon
Fill in services for acrylic nail services should be booked approximately every 2 weeks or grown 1/16”
Wear protective goggles when Using adhesives and filing acrylic nails
Avoid the use of acetone polish remover on Plastic nail tips
If you see signs of a bacterial infection Do not perform further nail service until bacterial infection has cleaned up
How much of the nail bed should a nail tip cover 1/3 to 1/2 “
If bacterial infection is found prior to performing a fill-in nail service, which of the following steps may be taken Remove the artificial nail
A dehydrant is used to help reduce moisture and oil and to prevent the growth of Bacteria
Re-balancing the nail during a fill-in nails service means to file and buff the nail and blend remaining acrylic to new growth area
The acrylic overlay is created with acrylic powder called a polymer and a liquid called a Monomer
After applying the primer during a sculptured nail service Avoid contact with skin
When applying an acrylic overlay think of the nail as divided into how many zones Three (3)
The problem reported most often by clients who wear sculptured nails is the formation of what under the artificial nail Bacteria
The primary purpose of the free edge of the nail is to Protect the tip of the finger and/or toe
The nail bed is attached to the bone by Ligaments
What is the skin that touches, overlaps and surrounds the nail Perionychium
The active tissue that generates cells that harden as they move outward from the root to the nail is called the nail Matrix
Which of the following components are considered appendages of the skin Nails
What is the nail structure that overlaps the lunula at the base of the nail Eponychium
The loose and pliable overlapping skin around the nail is the Cuticle
The folds of skin on either side of the nail groove are called the Nail wall
The tracks on either side of the nail that the nail moves on as it grows are called the nail Grooves
What is the average growth rate of nails in adults 1/8 per month
Any disease, disorder or condition of the nail is called Onychosis
Nails with a sign of disease requires Referral to a physician
A healthy nail is smooth,curved,translucent pinkish in color and Is without hollows or wavy ridges
Tinea pedis appears as itching and peeling of the skin on the feet and must be Referred to a physician
Onychia is an inflammation of the Nail wall
Vertical lines down the nail plate that may be caused by illness or injury are called Furrows
Systemic or long-term illness or nervous disturbance can cause Spoon nails
Uneven growth of a nail may cause Wavy ridges
Trimming toenails straight across can help avoid Ingrown toenails
Blood trapped under nails is a condition referred to as Bruised nails
What conditions results when cuticle becomes overly dry and splits Hangnail
Which condition refers to an excess of living skin attached to nail plate that disrupts normal nail growth Pterygium
What is another name for onychauxis Hypertrophy
A thickening of nail plate or abnormal outgrowth of nail is called Onychauxis
What would be the correct response if a client arrives for a manicure and exhibits signs of onychophagy Offer to perform a weekly nail service, including polish
Improper filing, injuries or harsh chemicals could be causes of Split nails
Which condition is caused by a nervous habit Onychophagy
Onychorrhexis is a term indicating Split or brittle nails
Discoloration of nail can indicate serious problems in which of the following parts of the nail Nail bed
Upon discovery of a nail fungus on hands or feet the cosmetologist needs to Refer to a physician
What is job of the manicurist when determining the shape of the clients nails Enhance the clients natural nail shape
An implement that shortens, shapes and smoothes rough edges of natural nails is called a Emery board
What is the function of a nail dryer when used during a nail service Aid in fast drying and protection from being sticky or dull
The finger bowl should contain warm water and Soap
How should implements involved in blood spill incident be handled Disinfect implements with a broad spectrum disinfectant
Which of the following steps describes the proper disinfecting procedure for implements following use in a manicure service Wash implements with soaps and water then place in disinfectant
When is it appropriate to offer an hand massage during a manicure Prior to polishing the nails
The disorder in which the nail grows into the edge of the nail grooves causing ingrown nails is called Onychocryptosis
Which of the following conditions can be caused by a nervous habit Onychophagy
Permanent distortion can occur when a nail is lost due to trauma and when The nail bed or matrix are injured
Which of the following conditions does NOT indicate a decreasing rate of nail growth Summer
During the massage portion of pedicure service, apply pressure to the muscular tissue on either side of the Shinbone
When should dehydrating products be applied to the natural nails during a sculptured nail service= Before applying the nail form
An increased curvature of the nail indicates Onychogryposis
The manicurists will apply nail polish Over the base coat
When removing polish from the nails, work from Base to tip
The fold of skin on either side of the nail groove is called the Nail wall
All the following descriptions identify possible causes of paronychia (EXCEPT) Fungus
Any disease, disorder or condition of the nail is called Onychosis
Created by: Sandradiazbohr