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Chapter 12

Chemical texturizing - pivot point chapter 12

When performing an alkaline wave on a client, thioglycolate is joined with what ingredient to create a waving lotion? Ammonia
The main ingredient found in an acid wave is Glycerol monothioglycolate
The chemical phase of perms involves all of the following EXCEPT? Wrapping hair around the perm tool
To produce large curls, wave formations or body waves it is necessary to use: Large diameter rods
Which type of perm rod would be used to achieve uniform curls? Straight
With concave rods the hair on both ends must travel farther than the hair in the center to make one complete turn around the rod, creating a: Wider and more spiraling pattern on the ends
In the perm procedure, proper end paper techniques will eliminate crimps or Fishhooks on the ends of the hair
Which of the following descriptions identifies the end paper placement for the bookend technique used during perm wrapping? One end paper folded in half
When using the double paper (double flat) end paper technique, the first end paper is positioned under the strand past the ends of the hair, and the second paper is placed on top of the strand and: Slightly past the first end paper
Water left in the end papers after rinsing the perm solution will dilute the neutralizer and: Weaken the curl formation
The size of the base and the angle at which the hair is held while wrapping determines the tool position or: Base control
To create more volume, which tool position should be used? On base
On base control is not recommended for alkaline perms since expansion is limited at the base and: Tension may cause breakage
Which tool position results in no curl at the scalp and a minimal degree of volume? Off base
Partial perms are designed to Position new texture only where it is desired
In alkaline waves, the perm solution chemically softens and breaks the ? Strong disulfide bonds
In addition to tension and perm solution what do acid waves use to perform the processing action? Heat
Skipping rods when applying perm solution could cause: Inconsistent curl formation
Which of the following steps may be required when perming resistant hair? Longer processing time
Which chemicals are the main ingredients found in most neutralizers? Sodium bromate, sodium perborate, hydrogen peroxide
A neutralizer rebounds and restores the disulfide bonds in addition to which of the following: Reduces the swelling caused by the alkalinity
To remove all chemicals after the hair has been neutralized the hair needs to be Rinsed
What is considered to be the range of pH for alkaline waves? 8.0 to 9.5
The high alkalinity of cold waves causes the hair fiber to soften and? Swell
Alkaline perms produce faster processing times and? Stronger curl
Which of the following is NOT true about acid perms? Better for use on resistant hair
The more porous hair is ? The less resistant it is to absorbing perm solution
To equalize the porosity of highly porous hair it may be necessary to use which of the following products: Prewrap product
Which of the following descriptions does NOT identify the meaning of porosity? The hairs ability to stretch
The hairs ability to stretch and return to its original shape is called? Elasticity
Hair is generally referred to a fine medium or coarse when analyzing which of the following classifications? Texture
Which of the following could describe what determines the processing time and proper perm solution? The texture, elasticity and porosity of the clients hair?
Hair density does not always match which of the following? Texture
What determines the size and shape of the new curl configuration? Perm rod size
Which of the following statements is NOT true? Hair that has been colored cannot be permed
Before perming, identify if the hair has even tinted, bleached, highlighted/frosted or: Previously permed
What is applied to a clients hairline prior to a perm service to protect the skin? Protective cream
If perm solution comes in contact with the client’s eyes or skin which of the following actions should be taken? Rinse thoroughly with cool water
Proper draping procedures for chemical services accomplish all of the following Prevents burns, preventing skin irritation, protecting the client’s clothing.
What ingredient in color products could cause uneven curls, discoloration and hair breakage? Metalic salts
When performing a metallic test immerse at least 20 strands of hair in the prepared mixture for ? 30 minutes
Prior to performing a preliminary test curl, hair should be shampooed and: Gently towel-dried
After completing a service it is important to update the clients: Record card
What is the most likely cause of underprocessed hair? Perm solution not left on the hair long enough
What could be the cause of weak or limp curls? Underprocessing
Over processed hair could be indicated by hair that is ? Curly when wet and frizzy when dry
What could be the cause of a perm not lasting as long as expected? Incomplete neutralization
Hair wound on rods with too much tension may cause which of the following? Breakage or dryness
The most common ingredient found in products that completely straighten the hair is ? Sodium hydroxide
Sodium hydroxide relaxers are also known as: Lye relaxers
Super strength relaxer is used for which of the following hair conditions: Tightly curled, coarse textured hair
Which ammonium thioglycolate relaxer strength would be used on healthy, color-treated,fine-textured or porous hair? Mild
A sodium hydroxide relaxer service should not be performed on which of the following hair conditions? Hair that has been bleached
What product should NOT be applied to hair that has been previously permed with ammonium thioglycolate? Sodium hydroxide
Which of the following conditions determine the processing time and proper relaxer strength to use? Texture, elasticity, and porosity
When performing a chemical relaxing procedure on porous hair, choose a product that has? A lower alkaline content
A pull test is plerformed to check for which of the following conditions: Elasticity
What is the shape of a tightly curled hair follicle? Elliptical
What is the optimum percent of natural curl pattern to remove when relaxing? 85%
The three methods for applying the relaxer are the brush, comb, or? Fingers
During a chemical relaxer procedure, if the hair is tested with the back of the comb and there is a minimal amount of indentation or if the curl pattern reverts or beads, what step may be required? Additional smoothing
How far away from the scalp should a virgin relaxer be applied? 1/4” to 1/2”
An acid balanced neutralizing shampoo or stabilizer is used after the hair is free of chemicals to? Reharden the hair
What does the porosity of the hair affect when working with a chemical relaxer? Processing time
What is used to protect the scalp and hairline from caustic chemicals? Protective base cream
Virgin sodium hydroxide relaxers may be applied 1/4” to 1/2” away from the scalp because body heat from the scalp will Allow it to spread upward toward the scalp
Which of the following is NOT a step taken when performing a virgin sodium hydroxide relaxer service? Pre-shampoo the clients hair
What action should be taken to replace natural oils to the hair that were removed during a chemical relaxing process? Apply a conditioning treatments?
Virgin this relaxer service may be performed after which of the following? A light shampoo
Which of the following test should be performed during a virgin thio relaxer technique to determine if the proper amount of relaxation has occurred? Comb test
To protect previously treated hair from the chemical product when performing a relaxer retouch service, what should be applied Protective cream
What are the terms that describe changing tightly curled hair to curly or wavy hair Curl reforming, reformation curls, double-process perm
Rearrangers are used during a curl reformation process to reduce the natural curl. What is the mai ingredient found in rearrangers? Ammonium thioglycolate
During a curl reforming service, what size parting should be used ? Thinner than normal
When performing a curl reformation service, the rod diameter chosen should be at least how many times larger than the diameter of the natural curl pattern? Two
what are the chemical rearrangers appropriately matched with for the recommended hair type Regular for average hair, super for resistant hair, mild for fine hair
Once the hair is completely wrapped during a curl reformation service, what is applied to ensure thorough saturation of the waving lotion? Additional booster
The function of a curl activator is to provide moisture and? Help retain shape of a new curl configuration
Why should brushing the hair before any chemical service be avoided: Prevents scalp irritations
If curl reforming is desired, cut off all hair previously treated with which of the following? Sodium hydroxide
What lowers the Ph of hair and rebounds the curl pattern to make it permanent during an alkaline wave procedure? Neutralizer
Heat waves that are self timed and self-heated and range from acid to alkaline are called? Exothermic
The overlap method of wrapping hair around a perm tool is called? Croquignole
To achieve the desired curl pattern, hair should overlap around the perm tool at least how many times? 2 1/2 times
The wrapping technique that positions revolutions of hair next to one another to create an elongated texture pattern is called the Spiral technique
Water left in the end papers after rinsing the perm solution will dilute the neutralizer and Weaken the curl formation
Which of the following perm patterns positions tools in a staggered configuration One-two bricklay
In alkaline waves, the perm solution chemically breaks or reduces the Strong disulfide bonds
After unwinding the pattern one and one half times, a positive test curl resembles a S-Pattern
Prior to performing a preliminary test curl, hair should be shampooed and Gently towel-dried
Too much hair wrapped on the perm tool can cause? An uneven curl pattern
Which of the following descriptions is NOT a basic relaxer service? Acid
A technique used to loosen or relax tightly curled hair patterns by approximately 50% of the natural shape? Curl diffusion or chemical blow out
When the relaxer is applied to the new growth only to match the previously relaxed hair, it is referred to as which of the following types of relaxer services? Retouch relaxer
A sodium hydroxide relaxer service should not be performed on which of the following hair conditions? Hair that has been decolorized or bleached
Which ammonium thioglycolate relaxers strength is recomended to be used on tightly curled, coarse- textured or resistant hair? Super
When performing a chemical relaxing procedure on porous hair choose a product labeled Mild
A pull test is another name for which of the following that determines the hairs ability to stretch and return without breakage? Elasticity test
What is used to spread the chemical relaxer through the hair during the processing of a relaxer? The back of a comb
Which of the following test should be performed during a relaxer service to determine if additional smoothing is required Relaxation test
A virgin thio relaxer service may be performed after which of the following? A light shampoo
Extreme breakage shortly after a relaxer service may be caused by which of the following Improper neutralization
Which ammonium thioglycolate relaxer strength is recommended to be used on healthy, color treated , fine textured or porous hair Mild
Created by: Sandradiazbohr