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Anatomy Make-Up

Anatomy Make-Up Test

amount of blood the heart pumps in a minute cardiac output
normal hearts cardiac output 70
blood flow through the heart sup/inf vena cava, R atrium, tricuspid valve, R ventricle, pulmonary valve, pulmonary trunk, pulmonary arteries, lungs, pulmonary veins, L atrium, mitral valve, L ventricle, aortic valve, aortic, system tissues
unload and load co2 gas exchange
70% of blood in body veins
quickest variable to change blood vessel radius
stretch to accommodate added fluid when blood volume increases, but only a small rise in pressure veins most compliant vessels
prevents backflow of blood valves
pressure at 0 right atrium
much leakier fenestrated capillaries
least leaky continuous capillaries
most leaky sinusoidal capillaries
found in capillary-metarteriole junction which controls amount of blood flowing into capillaries precapillary sphincter
drives water OUT of capillary hydrostatic pressure
draws fluid INTO capillary osmotic pressure
artery end; 35mmHg hydrostatic
vein end 15mmHg
osmotic pressure of capillary blood 25mmHg
red blood cells; 44% total volume; creates hematocrit; bottom layer erythrocytes
white blood cells leukocytes
small fragments (circles) platelets
55% total volume; top layer; 90% water plasma
1% total volume; middle layer leukocytes and platelets
pH of blood 7.35-7.45
forms colloid; makes up 9% of plasma volume; mostly made by liver plasma proteins
oxyhemoglobin red molecule
protein chains that connect to carbon dioxide create what?; about 23% of co2 transported in blood carbaminohemoglobin
erythrocyte life span 100-120 days
red bone marrow hematoppoiesis
most common leukocyte neutrophil
largest leukocyte monocyte
remain in bone marrow b tymphocyte
migrate from bone marrow to thymus gland t lymphocyte
mega karyoblasts precursor cells
antigen agglutinogen
antibodies agglutinins
clump together agglutinate
universal donor; most common blood type O+
universal recipient; least common blood type AB-
Created by: kaela04