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Chapter 6

ATP & Energy Cycles

adenine a nitrogen-containing compound found in ATP, DNA< and RNA
metabolism the collection of the chemical reactions that occur in a cell
potential energy stored energy
kinetic energy energy of motion
calorie a unit used to measure the amount of energy food contains
ADP adenine diphosphate; a molecule converted to ATP by the addition of a phosphate
phosphorylation the addition of a phosphate group to a molecule
catalyst a chemical that helps in a chemical reaction, but is not consumed or changed in the reaction
obesity a condition of being greatly overweight
diabetes a genetic disease in which a person has too much sugar in his or her blood
saliva a liquid produced by glands in the mouth that helps in chewing and starts digestion
pepsin an enzyme produced in the stomach for digestion
activation energy the amount of energy needed to start a chemical reaction
substrate a reactant molecule; the molecule on which an enzyme reacts
active site the area on an enzyme where the substrate fits in shape and chemistry
Created by: mrspuffisphat21



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