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SS final review

set #4 vocab

Jackson's Strength as President Andrew Jackson was the most powerful president in the 1820's and 1830's. He strengthened the power of the presidency the most during that time.
"Hero of the Common People" Andrew Jackson was known by this nickname when he became president because he was from the west and a self-made man (rose from poverty through his own hard work)
Dates of the Age of Jackson 1820 - 1840
Abolitionists people working to end some practice completely. In the US people working to end slavery were called abolitionists
Harriet Tubman she helped over 600 slaves escape to freedom in the North by the underground railroad
Seneca Falls Convention in 1848 in Seneca Falls, NY, women called for equality between men and women at home and at work
Temperance Movement wanted people to limit or stop drinking alcohol - eventually had the 18th amendment add to the Constitution passed only to be repealed later by the 21st amendment
Trail of Tears the Cherokee Indian Nation was forced by the US government to relocate to the lands west of the Mississippi River. Thousands died along the journey from starvation, disease, and the brutal weather.
Tariff of Abominations the Tariff of 1828 was labeled the Tariff of Abominations by the South. While the tax helped protect the industry in the
Indian Removal Act The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830. This authorized him to pay Native Americans in the Southeastern US for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi in exchange for their homelands.
Uncle Tom's Cabin Author, Harriet Beecher Stowe,wrote this novel to show the injustices of the system of slavery in the south.
Dred Scott Decision The Supreme Court decision in 1857 that said slaves were property not citizens. This decision also said that the Constitution allowed slavery everywhere in the US. Many more people in the North became abolitionists.
Civil War Armed combat between the people of the same country
Ft. Sumter The fort at Charleston, SC where the Civil War began when the Confederates fired on the Union troops
Advantages of the North During the Civil War 1. more and bigger factories 2. bigger population 3. fighting on familiar ground
Advantages of the South during the Civil War 1. could fight a defensive war 2. better generals 3. fighting on familiar ground
Habeus Corpus the right to have a hearing before a judge before being jailed
Monitor and Merrimac The first battle between two ironclads (a new type of ship that was first used during the civil war. This made wooden warships obsolete.
Emancipation Proclamation issued by President Lincoln, stating that slaves living in states that were in rebellion were now free.
Battle of Gettysburg The battle that is called the turning point of the civil war. The Southern advance was stopped and the tide of the war changed in the North's favor.
Civil War Amendment #13 banned slavery everywhere in the US
Civil War Amendment #14 granted citizenship to African -Americans
Civil War Amendment #15 gave African-American men the right to vote
Segregation to separate the races: to keep them apart - in such situations as housing, schools, restrooms, drinking fountains, etc.
Created by: hms204



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